Some of Our Latest Selections in Merchant Navy


Some of Our Latest Selections in Defence





Located in the heart of the city, on Subhash Road, near Parade Ground, Police Headquarter, 1.5 km. walk from Clock Tower, 3 km from Railway Station, 7 km. from the ISBT, 24 km from the Airport. In close proximity to shopping and business centres, GPO, Banks and all Leading Public Schools “SEAKING MARITIME ACADEMY” is a branch of North India’s No.1 Coaching Institute “DOON DEFENCE ACADEMY”. It was founded by Sandeep Gupta, a Submariner of Indian Navy (Retd.) in 2005. Since then “DOON DEFENCE ACADEMY” is motivating, inspiring and guiding our young generation to join Merchant Navy. “SEAKING MARITIME ACADEMY” is not a Manning Agency OR Maritime Training Institute who provide any certificate courses OR Agent of any Company / Institute. It is just a coaching institute who provides coaching for Written Test (on line / off line) and interviews for various opening for Deck Cadets / TME / GME/ SEO etc. “DOON DEFENCE ACADEMY” is a genuine guide in North India for those, who wants to join Merchant Navy after. But apart from Written Test / Interview, “DOON DEFENCE ACADEMY” is also conducting classes for basic knowledge of shipping, which include Seamanship, Ship Constructions, various Duties, Fire Fighting and Fire Prevention, Basic Marine Engineering, Personal Safety and Social Responsibilities, Ship Organization, Basic Terms in Shipping, Types of Ship, Ship Safety and Security, Loyalty towards Ship, Respecting Senior and Do’s and Don’t, in Merchant Navy etc. under the supervision of Experienced Personality drawn from the shipping industries. “SEAKING MARITIME ACADEMY” is basically trying to lay down the foundation for becoming a competent Seafarer. The bottom line is that, we at DOON DEFENCE ACADEMY are preparing students up to that level, where he can understand port and starboard instant of left and right and fore and aft instant of forward and backward.

“DOON DEFENCE ACADEMY” has a very big infrastructure which includes modern classrooms, library, other facilities like Spoken English classes, Motivation Movies, LCD Presentations etc. We are conducting Career Seminar, Counseling Session, Audio – Video Presentation at various schools / seminar for guiding and inspiring the students to join Merchant Navy through out the year. Every year more than 1000 students are enrolling themselves to our coaching institute for various careers, options after 12th/ B.Sc./ B.Tech Every year. With our able guidance so many students selected as a Deck Cadet / TME / GME/ SEO in various Shipping Companies / Institute like Tolani Maritime Institute, RL Institute of Nautical Science, TS Rehman, TS Chanakya, National Maritime University, MMTI, AP Mooler – MEARSK, Anglo – Eastern, Executive Shipping, Shipping Corporation of Inida (SCI), International Maritime Institute (IMI), Fleet Management, Wilhelmsen(Barber),Ship Management, Univan Shipping, HND Programme etc.

NOTE : Once again we want to bring it to the notice of every person who is concerned with “DOON DEFENCE ACADEMY” that “DOON DEFENCE ACADEMY” is not a lioisoning office /Manning Agency / Recruitment cell / Maritime Training Institute who is giving any certificate / Agent of any company or Institute. It is a coaching Institute for written Test / Interview for various opening for Deck Cadets / TME / GME/ SEO. Selection in Merchant Navy is absolutely free and fair. No money is required to be paid to any one for selection. Please do not be mislead by some one. But as far as training is concerned the cost of training is to be borne by the candidate. For more information about this please contact the concerned authorities or log on





The Merchant Navy is a non-combatant commercial fleet, which deals with transporting cargo and occasionally, Passengers, by sea. Its fleet is therefore composed of vessels (ships) such as Passenger vessels (called liners/cruisers), cargo liners (also called bulk carriers) which carry cargo or oil tankers (called tankers), as well as other special types of vehicles.

There ships may belong to Indian or Foreign shipping companies. In fact the Merchant Navy is the backbone of International trade, carrying cargo across the globe. Without the Merchant Navy much of the import export business may grind to a halt. The ships today are highly sophisticated and technology intensive safety and efficiency of the ship are crucial and depends upon the professional ability, competence and dedication to duty, of a sea farer, on board the ship.

Naturally a seafarer is expected to be highly professional for the safe and efficient operation of the ship. The training in India is of reasonably high standards and the Indian seafarers are one of the most sought after commodity in the shipping industry world wide.

Today, there are several opportunities to fetch reasonably good salaries but the Merchant Navy may also offer equally rewarding salaries at a young age. Unfortunately the knowledge on the subject of “What is Merchant Navy & How does one join it? Still remains the privilege of few people who already have their relatives and friends in this industry. With this in background some useful information about career in Merchant Navy is presented here in.

  •  95% world trade is carried by sea.

  •  Raw material and finished goods are shipped by sea.

  •  Increased movement of goods due to globalization, hence growing the opportunities.

  •  Industry studies indicate that the demand for Indian officers worldwide is strong and ever growing.



A career in this field is full of adventure and long voyages to exotic. As an officer in the merchant navy one can expect a unique lifestyle that can take him anywhere in the world. Merchant Navy as a career:

  • Highly rewarding both in terms of financial wealth and knowledge.

  • Gives vast exposure to different lands, people and cultures.

  • Develop leadership skills, ability to manage situations, strong sense of self-reliance and a “can do” attitude.

  • Provides great opportunity to build not just a career but your character too.

  • Experienced seafarers are highly in demand ashore in many areas such as shipping companies, Shipyards, Repair Yards, Classification societies, Power plants, Hotel and Hospitality industry and so on.




The officer from this branch looks after the ships navigation, loading/unloading of cargo and the general maintenance and administration of the ship. After completion of their training as a Deck Cadet the officer joins in the rank of 3rd officer and subsequently promoted to the rank of 2nd officer, chief officer and finally the Captain/ Master of the ship. All the promotions are subject to the individual passing his competency exams and his performance onboard the ship.

In addition to navigation duties normally a 3rd officer looks after the life saving appliances, 2nd officer the passage planning and the navigation equipment, the chief officer look after the cargo work, and the Captain/ Master is the overall In- charge of the ship.

The subsequent promotions after acquiring a certificate of competency as second mate (F.G.), an officer is eligible to be appointed as a third or a second officer on board a merchant ship and would draw a handsome salary for subsequent promotions, he has to render further sea service and progressively pass the higher examination appropriate for that rank viz. First mate (F.G.) and Master (F.G.). The certificate of competency as Master (F.G.) entitles the officers to become the captain of Merchant Navy ships.




A career at sea is very demanding as well as rewarding. It offers a high level of job satisfaction, a wide experience and challenging work environment. Experienced Marine Engineers are in great demand in all industries because of their ability to handle very large power plants, their resourcefulness, sense of responsibility and ability to work with their own hand with almost no external assistance. A Marine Engineer is a very valuable and responsible member of a ship’s team.

He has to operate and controls are engineering systems onboard his ship, and maintain them in good working condition. This gives him tremendous experience and confidence. However, it must be understood that the life of a Marine Engineer is tough and not suited for the weak hearted. The ship’s engine room having the Main Engine, Boilers, Pumps, Hydraulic fuel systems, ship electrical generating plant and distribution.





Deck Cadet (DGS+ IMU Scheme)-Leading to B.Sc. Nautical Science

Educational Qualification: Pass/ appearing in 10+2 examination from a recognized Board/ University with Physics, Chemistry and Maths (PCM), with not less than 60% marks in PCM.
with Physics as an individual subject in one of the years of B.Sc. in PCM or Electronics with an average of not less than 50% marks from an UGC/DEC recognized university.


B.E./ B.Tech. Degree from college recognized by AICTE


Should have passed with not less than 50% marks in English as a separate subject at either 10th or 12th standard.
Age: Not more than 25 years.
Medical: Eye sight should be 6/6 with no colour blindness.

B.S. Nautical Technology

Educational Qualification: Pass/ appearing in 10+2 examination from a recognized Board/ University with Physics, Chemistry and Maths (PCM), with not less than 60% marks in PCM.


Should have passed with not less than 50% marks in English as a separate subject at either 10th or 12th standard.
Age: Not more than 25 years.
Medical: Eye sight should be 6/6 with no colour blindness.

04 Year Marine Engineering (TME)

Educational Qualification: Pass/ appearing in 10+2 examination from a recognized Board/ University with Physics, Chemistry and Maths (PCM), with not less than 60% marks in PCM.


Should have passed with not less than 50% marks in English as a separate subject at either 10th or 12th standard.
Age: Not more than 25 years.
Medical: Use of corrective lenses permitted but the maximum permissible limits at entry are +_ 2.5 with no colour blindness.

Note: However DG Shipping have made guide line for different entry but some shipping companies/ Institute have their own criteria for their intake. It is our advise any person who wish to join merchant navy should check his eye sight and colour blindness test get done from some specialist doctor before applying. For more information you can contact to the concerned authority or log on to




Career Flow Chart-Deck Cadet (DGS+IMU Scheme):- Eligibility in terms of educational qualification, age, physical standard and eye sight as prescribed by Director General of Shipping, Ministry of Shipping, Road Transport and Highways, Government of India.

Note :

  • It takes about 10 – 12 years to become a Captain.

  • All Salaries are indicative; candidates may get more or less depending up on the recruiters.




Career Flow Chart-04 Years Marine Engineering (TME):- Eligibility in terms of educational qualification, age, physical standard and eye sight as prescribed by Director General of Shipping, Ministry of Shipping, Road Transport and Highways, Government of India.

Note :

  • It takes about 10 – 12 years to become a Chief Engineer.
  • All Salaries are indicative; candidates may get more or less depending up on the recruiters.



Graduate Mechanical Engineer (GME) – Career prospect : The department of Mechanical Engineering aims to provide the best mechanical engineering inputs to the marine engineers along with broad based knowledge in practical applications. The job of Mechanical Engineers are contributing following major activities like ship building, workshop activities required in ship repairs like welding, riveting component machining, assembling & dismantling. The Mechanical Engineering department has core laboratories for heat transfer, applied mechanics, fluid machinery, refrigeration and air conditioning control and vibration analysis. The experiments are critically selected so as to cover the entire gamut of marine engineering principles. They have to work with Main Diesel Engines, Auxiliary Engines, Boiler, Purifiers, Pumps and other auxiliary machineries. They are also required to undergo extensive watch keeping duties in plant operation and safety etc.
Eligibility :

Educational Qualification : Graduate in Mechanical Engineering / Naval Architecture from and Engineering College recognized by AICTE (Ministry of human Resource and Development). Candidate must be in possession of valid Engineering Degree / Provisional Certificate. And must have secured minimum 50% marks in English in 10th or 12th class.
Age : Not exceeding 25 years.
Medical : Medically fit as per the company / regulatory standards. Eyesight 2.0 & No color blindness.

Training Fee : The coast of Pre-sea training will be include tuition fees, books, lodging, boarding, uniform etc and will be borne by the candidates. The training fees will be approximately Rs. 4,50,000/- (Rupees Four Lack  Fifty Thousand only) and payable directly to the training institute approved by DG Shipping. The fee for the training is also depend on the company / Institute and subject to change for more information you can log on

Training : 01 Year pre-sea training at marine training institute approved by DG Shipping Govt. of India. This training provides a graduate Mechanical Engineer student a sure path to become a qualified Marine Engineer. On Selection you will be nominated to undergo a 12 months residential per-sea orientation training on Marine Engineering at any chosen maritime training Institute in India. (Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Pune etc) At the pre-sea institute, apart from the academics you will undergo training in workshops and simulators. On successful completion of the course you will be awarded certificate. On completion of the pre-sea training of 12 month, you will join merchant Naval Vessel as Vth Engineer. You will go on the ship for 8 month and after returning back you can appear in Marine Engineers Officer class IV Exam, conducted by Director General of Shipping. On successful completion of this exam you will be awarded class IV Certificate of competency by DG of shipping and can join back as fourth Engineer. You can further appear in promotional exams and rise up to the rank of Chief Engineer who is equal to the rank of captain is a ship.


Career Flow Chart- Graduate Mechanical Engineering (GME):- Eligibility in terms of educational qualification, age, physical standard and eye sight as prescribed by Director General of Shipping, Ministry of Shipping, Road Transport and Highways, Government of India.

Note :

  • It takes about 08 – 10 years to become a Chief Engineer.

  • All Salaries are indicative; candidates may get more or less depending up on the recruiters.



Ship’s Electrical Officer (SEO) – Career prospect: Every sea going vessel must carry at least one Electrical Officer. That is why the department of Electrical is known for one man show (Batti Sahab) on board merchant naval vessels. Since SEO is an essential requirement there is a heavy demand in the international shipping industry. The work field of SEO is consisting of working on Main and emergency generator, High voltage generator and system, MSB & Power distribution - Procedures and Practices Power management system, Emergency Switchboard, Local Power Distribution, Emergency power & Shore supply, Other Electrical Machines A.C. Motor Starters, Protection Devices, Marine Electrical Cables, Marine Auxiliaries & Instrumentation Workshop, Electrical Equipment, Galley equipment, Laundry equipment, Practical on ship board active boiler combustion control system and Full mission, Electromagnetism and AC theory, Basic Electrical concept and fundamental practices, DC Generators, Alternators, Electrical Motors Main and emergency generator, Electrical motors, Transformers, Automation and Instrumentation Familiarization with shipboard PMS. Special electrical practice for oil, gas, and chemical tankers Pneumatic & hydraulic systems etc.

Eligibility :

Educational Qualification : Degree in Electrical Engineering from a recognized engineering college approved by AICTE (Ministry of human Resource and Development) with minimum 50% marks OR Diploma in Electrical Engineering with Ist class. And must have secured minimum 50% marks in English in 10th or 12th class.

Age : Not exceeding 25 years.
Medical : Medically fit as per the company / regulatory standards. Eyesight 2.5 & No color blindness.

Training Fee : The coast of Pre-sea training will be include tuition fees, books, lodging, boarding, uniform etc and will be borne by the candidates. The training fees will be approximately Rs. 2.50 Lacks (Rupees Two Lack, Fifty Thousand only) and payable directly to the training institute.

Training : 06 Months pre-sea training at marine training institute approved by DG Shipping Govt. of India. This training provides a Ship’s Electrical Officer aspirants a sure path to become a qualified Ship’s Electrical Officer. On Selection you will be nominated to undergo a 06 months residential per-sea orientation training on Electrical Engineering at any chosen maritime training Institute in India. (Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Madurai, Pune etc) At the pre-sea institute, apart from the academics you will undergo training in workshops and simulators. On successful completion of the course you will be awarded certificate. On completion of the pre-sea training of 06 month, you will join merchant Naval Vessel as Assistant Electrical Officer. After completing your first contact as an Assistant/ Trainee Electrical Officer you can sail as an Electrical Officer on your second contract onwards.

Ship’s Electrical Officer

Electrical Officer

B.E. (Electrical)/B.E. (EEE)
(Application- Interview - Selection- Medical).


Diploma (Electrical) / (EEE)
(Application - Interview - Selection - Medical).
2 Months Bridging Course.

4 Months Specialised Training Programme

4 Basic STCW Courses


Trainee Electrical Officer on Board Ship
(Stipend 400 to 600 USD)

A Junior Electrical Officer on Board Ship
(salary 1200 -1500 USD)

Electrical Officer on Board Ship
(Salary 2000 - 4000 USD PM)






Fee for Deck Cadet (DG+IMU scheme) between Rs. 4 Lacks to 6.50 Lacks as per training institute, for B.S. Nautical Technology, between 11 lacks to 13 Lacks as per institute, for 04 year Marine Engineering (TME), between 12 lacks to 14 Lacks, for Graduate Mechanical Engineering (GME), between 3 Lacks to 4.5 Lacks. This is a compulsory residential programme, so the fee is inclusive of Boarding/ Lodging, Tuition fee, Books, Uniforms, CDC etc. For the STCW courses which includes basic/ advanced modular courses, Simulator based courses, Competency courses, Revalidation courses and value added courses are differ from institute to institute or company to company.

Note: The fee given above are only for information and subject to change as per Institute/ Company. However the amount is almost same for different courses but for more information you can contact the concerned authority or log on to




The pay and perks again depend on company to company. But generally it depends upon the type of the ship, Experience and Competency of an individual. At the starting level a cadet may get 200-500 US dollar Pm. Among officers a 3rd officer/4th Engineer gets about 1500 – 3000 US dollar, 2nd officer/3rd Engineer 3000 – 4000 US dollar, Chief Officer/2nd Engineer 3000-4500 US dollar and a Chief Engineer/Captain may get 4000-6000 US dollar for month. Masters may draw salaries as high as US $ 8000 to 10000 per month for being on specialized vessels. But again it depend on the company to company. But the advantage of being paid in US dollar is income tax free income.




The rank structure in Merchant Navy is as below. Small variations in terminology do however occur.

Captain/ Master Chief Engineer
Chief Officer 2nd Engineer
2nd Officer 3rd Engineer
3rd Officer 4th Engineer
Deck Cadets Engine Trainee
  Electrical Officer
Deck Rating (AB & OC)
Engine Rating (Oilers)
Cook & Stewards




Cruise Liner, Oil Tanker, Gas Carrier, Container Ship, Bulk Carrier, General Cargo, Chemical Tanker, Passenger Ship etc.


Classification of bulk carriers is based on their carrying capacities :

Handy 10,000 – 35,000 dwt
Handymax 45,000 – 55,000 dwt
Panamax 60,000 – 80,000 dwt
Capesize 1,20,000 – 2,00,000 dwt
VLBC (Very Large Bulk Carrier) 2,00,000 – 3,50,000 dwt


Tankers :
Product Tanker 10,000 – 60,000 dwt
Panamax 60,000 – 80,000 dwt
Aframax 80,000 – 1,20,000 dwt
Suezmax 1,20,000 – 2,00,000 dwt
VLBC (Very Large Crude Carrier) 2,00,000 – 3,15,000 dwt
ULCC (Ultra Large Crude Career) 3,20,000 – 5,50,000 dwt


Draft : is measured from the keel to the waterline.



Abandon Ship

Entirely to vacate a ship in any emergency.


On board, In, Into or inside a Vessel.


In, rear, or toward the stern of the vessel.


Close beside a ship, wharf or jetty.


Implement by which a ship becomes attached to the ground at sea bed, and so rendered stationary, parts are – shank, flukes, bill, stock, ring.


An area in which the holding ground is good and suitable for ships to anchor.


On shore, on the land


A backward direction in the line of a vessel’s fore and aft line behind. If a vessel moves backwards it is said to move astern.

Aye, Aye, Sir

Customary acknowledgement of an order means that the order is understood and will be carried out.


Flat-bottomed boat designed to carry cargo on inland waterways, usually without engines or crew accommodations. Barges can be lashed together and either pushed or pulled by tugs, carrying cargo of 60,000 tons or more small barges for carrying cargo between ship and store are known as lighters.


Spaces, between margin plates and ship’s side, into which water drains, and from which it can be pumped.


The highest uncertificated rating in the deck department who has immediate charge of all deck hands and who in turn canes under the direct orders of the master or chief mate.


Used loosely to refer to the navigating section of the vessel where the wheel house and chart room are located, erected structure amidships or aft or very rarely fore over the main deck of a ship to accommodate the wheelhouse.

Bulk Career

Ship specifically designed to transport vast amounts of cargoes such as sugar, grain, wine, ore, chemicals, liquefied natural gas, coal and oil.

Bulk head

A name given to any vertical partition which separates different compartments or spaces from one another


Difference between weight of an immersed, or partly immersed, object and the upward pressure of the liquid in which it is. If the weight be lighter the buoyancy will be ‘positive’, if it be heavier the buoyancy will be negative’. Also defined as the vertical component of the water pressures acting on an immersed or partly immersed body.


Nautical unit of distance, having a standard value of 1/10th of a nautical mile (608ft). For practical purpose a value of 200 yards is commonly used. Rope of more than 10 inches circumference and make of three right-handed ropes laid up left handed. These were used for attachment to anchor before chain cable was manufactured, and were up to 36 inches, or more, in circumference. Wrought iron chain used for attachment of ship to her anchor. Made in lengths of 15 fathoms. These lengths are called shackles.

of Competency

Certificate issued by the concerned government to a seaman or officer who has passed an examination in a specified grade, and has been found fit to perform the duties of the grade. Such certificates are also issued on the strength of another recognized equivalent certificate.


Representation of part of ocean or sea for use in navigation. Gives depth of water, nature of bottom, configuration and characteristics of coast, with positions and brief particulars of navigational aids. Diagram showing certain facts in graphical or tabular form.

Chief Engineer

The senior most engineer officer department next in rank to the master, second in command of a ship.

Chief Mate (Chief Officer)

The officer in the deck department next in rank to the master, second in command of a ship.


Instrument for ascertaining direction, relative to the meridian, by means of magnetic needles, direction gyroscope, or alignment on a known bearing, the last being known as a ‘dumb’ compass.

Continuous Discharge Certificate (CDC)

An essential document for officers and seamen as it serves as an official certificate confirming sea experience in the employment for which he was engaged.

Control Room

Space, insulated from head and sound, from which machinery is controlled when the controls are not in the engine room.


Personnel, other than Master and apprentices, who serve on board, a vessel. In some cases a differentiation between officers and ratings is made, but officers are ‘crew’ in a legal sense.


Horizontal movement of a stream of water through ocean or sea. Primarily due to wind action, but also to differences in specific gravities of water. Direction is more or less constant, but deviations occur. Seasonal variations are usual. Due to Earth’s rotation, currents trend away from path of generating wind, to right in N.hemisphere, to left in S


Horizontal flooring, or plating, above bottom of vessel. May be continuous or partial.


Artificial excavation or construction in which ships can be placed for loading, unloading, fitting out, or repairing. Principal types are wet, dry and floating docks.

Dry Dock

An enclosed basin into which a ship is taken for underwater cleaning and repairing. It is fitted with watertight entrance gates which when closed permit the dock to be pumped dry.


Compartment in which cooking and other food preparation is done in ships. Single-banked pulling and sailing boat


A narrow portable platform used as a passage, by persons entering or leaving a vessel moored alongside a pier or quay.

General Purpose Rating

(GP) A rating who signs-on to work on deck or in the engine room as required.

Greenwich Mean Time

Time based on hour angle of point of definition of mean time as measured at Greenwich in UK.


An opening, generally rectangular, in a ship’s deck affording access into the compartment bellow.


To list as a result of wind pressure, or of a shift of weight. Junction of stem post and keel. The lower end of a mast that is fitted in a step.


Shell or main body of a ship.


International Maritime Organization: Formerly known as the Inter Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization (IMCO), was established in 1958 through the United Nations to coordinate international maritime safety and related practices.


Warf, or other similar construction, that projects into the sea or harbour


The lowest longitudinal timber of a vessel, on which framework of the whole is built up; combination or iron plates serving purpose in iron vessel.


Nautical unit of velocity representing a speed of 1 nautical mile per hour; the name is derived from the knots in the common log line.

Life Raft

Floating craft, often an inflatable rubber structure made for life-saving purpose.


A buoyant jacket made to SOLAS specifications.

Life-Saving Appliance

All boats, rafts, buoys, jackets, line throwing apparatus, and other appliances and stores carried for life-saving purposes.

Log Book

Book in which events connected with the ship are entered. Several may be kept, the principal being Official Log, Deck Log, Mate’s Log, Engine-room Log, Wireless Log.


Intercepted arc of Equator, or angle at Pole, between the prime meridian and the meridian passing through a named position

Master (Captain)

Highest officer aboard ship.Oversees all ship operations. Keeps ships records. Handles accounting and bookkeeping. Takes command of vessel in inclement weather and in crowded or narrow waters. Handles communications. Receives and implements instructions from home office.

Master Mariner

Officer of the Merchant Navy holding a certificate of the vessel.


Group of persons who feed at the same table. An area on a ship allocated to dining and recreation.

Nautical Mile

Length of arc of 1’ of meridian in latitude of position of Measurement.Value varies between 6046-4ft. in Equator and 6107-8 ft. at Poles. A standard of 6068 ft. (1853-18 m), correct for Lat. 480, is used in log registrations and practical navigation.The International Nautical Mile = 1852 meters, correct for Lat. 44 1/20. Sea Mile.

Nautical Tables

Book containing tabulated data arithmetical, geometrical, astronomical and geographical for use in navigation


Pertaining to ships, seamen or navigation.


To direct and control a ship. To go from one place to another by ship.

Navigation Lights

Those lights compulsorily shown by vessels at sea, in accordance with international rules.


Art and science of conducting a ship from one place to another. Sometimes used in a limited sense to restrict it to conducting by celestial observations and methods. Canal made for passage of ships, barges and boats.


Person skilled in the art and practice of navigation, A person in charge of navigation of a ship. Specialized officer appointed to a ship for navigation duties. Name was given, formerly, to a man employed in digging canals.

Oil Tanker

A ship designed for the carriage of oil in bulk, her cargo space consisting of several or many tanks. Tankers load their cargo by gravity from the shore or by shore pumps and discharge using their own pumps


Qualified person authorized to pilot incoming and outgoing vessels in a pilotage area. One who controls a vessel? Volumes of the Admiralty Sailing Directions, e.g. “The Mediterranean Pilot”.


Harbour or haven in which shipping can lie in safety. In ship structure, an opening in ship’s side to allow light or air to enter; for cargo or baggage, to be taken in or discharged; for a gun to protrude; for water on deck to flow overboard, and other similar purpose. In engineering, is an opening in a valve, cock, or cylinder to allow passage of steam, liquid or gasses. As a direction, is equivalent to left hand when facing forward.


Instrument by which a vessel is propelled. Attached to after end of a shaft that is connected to engine. Usually has three or four blades, each being part of a screw thread, and is keyed and secured to after end of tail shaft.

Pump man

A rating who operates pumps and discharges petroleum products. Maintains and repairs all cargo handling equipment on tankers.


A ship’s officer who is in charge of accounts, especially on a passenger ship.

Quarter Deck

Upper deck from mainmast to right aft. In vessels with a poop it ends at break of poop. In Royal Navy it extends from right aft on upper deck to some line forward of after gangway.


In the Navy is a petty officer, or other responsible rating, who works under officer of the watch and is responsible that the Helmsman carries out his duties correctly. He takes the wheel on important occasions. In harbour, he keeps his watch at the gangway. In Merchant Navy a leading rating who steers the ship and keeps gangway watch.


That implement or fitting by which the direction of a vessel is controlled by steering. Almost invariably fitted at stern, and free to move through about 350 on either side. Hinged to stem post or rudder post, but occasionally balanced.


Mess room for officers in a merchant ship. Main cabin in a passenger ship.


One who earns his living by service at sea.


Serving at sea for a livelihood


Generally, one who follows the sea as a profession. This meaning is often limited. Merchant Shipping Acts define him as any person serving in a ship, other than the Master.


The professional skill of a seaman. The art of working managing, and handling a vessel, in a seaway, in a seamanlike manner.


Disorder of the nervous system brought about by ship’s movement in a seaway.


Direction equivalent to ‘right hand’ when facing forward. The starboard side of a ship during darkness in indicated by a green light.

Steering Wheel

Wheel, with spokes projecting beyond its outer circumference, by which the rudder is controlled directly or indirectly. Commonly called ‘the wheel’. Now days it may come in various shapes and sizes.


After end of a vessel. Originally, the word meant ‘steering part’ and was applied to tiller and rudder.


A tanker is a bulk carrier designed to transport liquid cargo, most often petroleum products. Oil tankers vary in size from small coastal vessels of 1,500 tons deadweight, through medium-sized ship of 60,000 tones, to the giant ULCCs (Ultra large crude carries) of 500,000 tones.


Periodic rise and fall of sea surface, at any given point, due to tractive and gravitational effects of Sun and Moon, together with Centrifugal effect of Earth’s gyrational movement.

Time Zones

Sectors of Earth’s surface bounded by meridians 150 apart, zero zones being 7.50 on either side of the prime meridian. Times kept in these zones vary from Greenwich in complete hours. Each zone is identified by a figure denoting the number of hours that its time differs form G.M.T., and a sing, + or -, indicating how the difference is to be applied to Zone Time to get G.M.T. 


Expression of a ship measurement that is not necessarily based on weight. In some cases it is derived from cubic capacity this usage being ascribed to the number of ‘tuns’ that would stow in the space. The principal ship tonnages are Gross, Net, Displacement, and Deadweight tonnages.


Ultra Large Crude Carries. Tankers between 320,000-550,000 dwt.

Upper Deck

In ships with more than one continuous deck, is the highest continuous deck. Main Deck.


Any ship or boat, or other description of vessel, used on water.


Very Large Crude Carries : Tankers between 200,000 and 315,000 dwt.


The day at sea is divided into six four hour periods. Three groups of watch standers are on duty for four hours and then off for eight, then back to duty. Seamen often work overtime during their off time.

Watertight Doors

Steel door so fitted and strengthened that it will prevent water passing when door is sealed.




For Engineers- Shore Based Options: A Marine Engineer is equipped not only for a career at sea but for any position that demands a mechanical or electrical engineer. Typically marine engineer are sought by industries like Power Plants, Cement Plants, Ship Yards, Ship Repair Yards, Ports Classification Societies, Engineering Consultant, Chartered Engineer, Surveyor and Instructor duties in Marine engineering colleges, Hotel etc.

For Navigation Officer- Shore Based Options: The opportunities for navigation officer on shore based jobs are as wide as for the marine engineers. Ports employ Ex-Captains as Pilot to navigate ships inside the harbors and shipping companies and ship agents employ ex-captains in their operation departments and personnel assistance. Survey companies employ ex-navigations officers as a cargo surveyors for insurance claims and there are jobs available in the MMD (Mercantile Marine Department) as a nautical surveyors. Some ex-captains are employed with ship broking firms while those who have interest in teaching can join educational and training institutions.

Further Studies: For those who desire to study further, they can do advanced studied in shipping management programme and even can do an M.S. programme or an MBA programme.



Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Answered by Sandeep Sir (Director – Seaking Maritime Academy)

What Kind of a person is fit for joining the merchant navy ?
Sandeep Sir :
When we are talking about a career in merchant navy, it is a different type of career which offers you an outdoor experience coupled with modern technology in all its various forms. It is rewarding in one hand but demanding in other hand. A suitable person to join merchant navy is someone who likes to keep abreast technology, who is hardworking, passionate about sea world, wants to travel around the world, who has strong will power, who can live without his family for a long period and who have the attitude of “never says die”

What are the pay & perks in the merchant navy ?
Sandeep Sir :
The pay & perks depend on the companies, types of ships and between service on Indian ships and Foreign ships. But generally it can be under stood like –

Indian Flag : During training between Rs. 10000 to 15000 pm. After training, officer’s full salaries start at around Rs. 50000 and go all the way up to Rs. 2.5 Lakhs per month for Captains and Chief Engineers. Income tax is payable.

Foreign Flag : During training it is between $200 - $500 US dollar per month and after training officers salaries start at $2000 and go all the way upto $10,000 US dollar per month as per rank and ships. Sailing in foreign ships affords, Non-Resident Indian status (NRI), accordingly, No income tax is payable there are some other advantage of joining merchant navy.

Advantage of joining Merchant Navy :

The demand for qualified seafaring officers has increased tremendously with the increasing number of merchant navy ships sailing in the international water as a result of the progressive growth of international trade.

2. Excellent remuneration including annual bonuses and other benefits make a career in merchant navy promising and lucrative.

3. Perquisites also include opportunity to travel the world for free including free food & accommodation on board.

Will somebody get the salary when he is not sailing and on leave ?
Sandeep Sir :
No, when somebody is not sailing he is not entitled for salary but some shipping companies have started this pattern recently.

What is the retirement age in merchant navy ?
Sandeep Sir :
As per seamen’s Employment officer order the retirement age of the person from seafaring profession is 60 yrs. This rule also provided discretion to the Director, seamen’s Employment office, to permit employment of seamen over 60 years of age, but not exceeding 65, provided the ship owner accepted the engagement of the seamen and the prescribed medical of the seamen and the prescribed medical authority declared him fit prior to engagement.

Can anyone leave the job in the merchant navy and join later after few years ?
Sandeep Sir :
Yes it is possible but you will have to ensure your certificates are valid at the time of rejoining and you may also be required to undergo some refresher training.

What are the shore opportunities when somebody stop sailing ?
Sandeep Sir :
Now days, there are so many options available for seafarer after crossing the gangway, but it depend on the experience & quality of the individual. Like after becoming master or chief engineer, there will be many opportunities at shore for marine superintendent, instructor staff in marine colleges or can do his own business etc.

How safe is it to be on board a ship and what is the compensation in case of any injury or death ?
Sandeep Sir :
Merchant Navy is one of the safest and most economical medium for transportation ships are built to operate in the safest way but the safety depends on the human being who operates the ship. Every company has made guidelines about this and its varies from various factor like type and extent of injury or death.

What is the name of international authority which governs Merchant Navy & takes case of seafarers
Sandeep Sir :
The International Maritime Organization (IMO). The convention established in 1948 and IMO first met in 1959. IMO’s main task has been to develop and maintain a comprehensive regulatory frame work for shipping and its remit today includes safety, environmental concerns, legal matters, technical co-operation, maritime security and the efficiency of shipping. The IMO headquarter is in United Kingdom and presently Mr. E.E. Mitropoulos is the Secretary-General of the IMO.

What is the pattern of the written test for Deck/Engine cadet entrance examination ?
Sandeep Sir :
Again, it depends on company to company, but generally written test will be bassed on 10 + 2 standard and test paper comprises of questions from Mathematics, Chemistry, Physics, English, General Knowledge, Reasoning followed by Interview, Psychometric test and Medical.

What are the medical parameters for joining Merchant Navy?
Sandeep Sir :
It is given in the heading Eligibilities criteria to join Merchant Navy, but shortly candidate should be physically fit and meet the standards laid out by Director General of Shipping. More details can be found in DG shipping Website

What is the seasickness and does everybody get it ?
Sandeep Sir :
Seasickness is a feeling of nausea and in extreme cases, vertigo experienced after spending time on a ship on water. It generally happen when sea is rough and rolling & pitching of a ship causes the sea sickness but people who particularly feel seasick simply by setting foot on a boat. It is also not necessary for everyone to get it, and it will be cured only by getting habitual to it.

Which are the best Institute for Nautical/Engineering courses?
Sandeep Sir :
There are so many good institutes (govt/private) for pre sea training for Deck side and Marine Engineering. The full information about them can be downloaded from DG shipping website www. some of them are Govt Institutes, TS Chanakya, Maritime Training Institute, Marine Engineering & Research Institute, Kolkata, MERI – Mumbai, others are TS Rehman, International Maritime Institute, Applied Research Institute, Naval Maritime Academy, Vel’s Academy of Maritime Studies, RL Institute of Nautical Science, MMTI’s Education & Research Trust, Samundra Institute of Maritime Studies, Fleet Management Training Institute, Yak Education Trust, Tolani Maritime Institute, AMET Chennai, Maharashtra Academy of Naval Education & Training, Maritime Training Institute etc.

Name the few best shipping companies/ship management services ?
Sandeep Sir :
There are more thousands of shipping companies/ship management services in the world, some of them are - Indian Companies. The shipping corporation of India, The Great Eastern Shipping company, Varun Shipping Ltd, Essar Shipping Ltd, etc. Foreign companies – Executive ship Management, Anglo Eastern Ship Management Ltd, APS Maritime Services Pvt Ltd, Atlantic Shipping Pvt Ltd, Wilhelmsen(Barber) ship Management Pvt Ltd, Chellaran shipping Pvt Ltd, Eurasia Group, five star shipping Pvt Ltd, IMC shipping co. Ltd, IMT-Mobil Ltd, A.P. Moller – MAERSK Pvt Ltd., OMI Pvt Ltd, Pratibha shipping co. Ltd, Tolani shipping co. Ltd, Wallen Ship Management Ltd, Univan Ship Management Ltd, United Ocean Ship Management, Paramount Shipping, Fleet Management, Dynacom Ship Management etc. For more information read Sailor Today’s A to Z ship Manager’s and Seafarer’s Almanac or log on

What are the authentic sources to get right information about marine world ?
Sandeep Sir : Apart from individual website of different Companies/Management agencies/ Institute the correct information can be obtain from the shipping magazine like Sailor Today, The Marine World, The Marex bulletin etc. or can log on,

What are the 3w in Merchant Navy ?
Sandeep Sir :
The famous three w’s are known for “Women, Wealth & Wine”. It is my advice to a youngster who wants to join merchant navy soon after 10 + 2, should keep himself away from these three w’s. Nowadays the entire society is under the threat of AIDS and so many of others dangerous cureless diseases. It is very much important to guide our young generation about the consequence of this part of the marine world. As a seafarer you may get more chances to visit different part of the world and have more money than any other person. So it is very much required to know about the consequences of these things and please do not involves in such activities.

What is Piracy ?
Sandeep Sir:
According to IMO’s article 101 of the 1982(UNCLOS), the Piracy consists of (a) any illegal acts of violence or detention, or any act of depredation, committed for private ends by the crew or the passengers of a private ship or a private aircraft (b) any act of voluntary participation in the operation of a ship or of an aircraft with knowledge of facts making it a pirate ship or aircraft. The main motto of piracy is ransom.

What is STCW-95 Courses ?
Sandeep Sir :
The STCW-95 courses are a mandatory requirement for all seafarers of-course the type of course required by each person depends upon the qualification of the individual and the capacity in which he will be employed on board. In other words a deck officer is required to do courses which are different from those an engineer officer is required to do. The course are designed in accordance with the international maritime organization and approved by Govt. of India.

What is CDC and how someone get it ?
Sandeep Sir :
“CDC” means Continue Discharge Certificate or you can say seafarer’s identity document. Any person who fulfills all the eligibility condition as specified in rules 4 and 5 of these rules, for the issue for more information, log on

What is INDOS ?
Sandeep Sir : It is a computerized national database for quick reference by statutory authorities such as flag state, port state, immigration & Employers etc. to prevent fraudulent issue of certificates. The database will include address, photographs, signature & telephone etc. The INDOs No consists of eight alphanumeric character Hence forth no seafarer with out INDOs no will be admitted to any course other than three month pre-sea training course.


Registration Open for Next Batch Visit us : www.
Contact : Sandeep Sir [Ex-Navy] -09897030757 / 07060056868




Being located in the heart of city, on Subhash Road, near Parade Ground, Police Headquarter, 1.5 km walk from Clock Tower, 3 km from Railway Station, 7 km from the ISBT, 24 km from the Airport. In close proximity to shopping and business centres, GPO, Banks and all leading Public Schools and popular among the youth by the name of “CAREER TOWER” our Institute is a ideal place for conducting Seminars / Career Counseling / Entrance Test / Interviews for Deck Cadets, TME, GME, SEO, etc. We have all the modern facilities like well equipped Classrooms, Examination Halls, A.C. Offices, Computers & Laptops with operators, LCD Projector, Teaching Staff, Sufficient Manpower, Parking space with power back up. At a time more than 500 students can take part in such activities. Every year more than 1000 students joining us for different career options after 10 + 2 and Merchant Navy is one of them. Thus, we are inviting reputed Shipping Companies / Institutes, who wish to conduct their Seminars / Career Counseling / Entrance Test / Interviews for Deck Cadets, TME, GME, SEO,  etc. at our campus. For more details and booking the Career Tower, please Contact:

Sandeep Gupta
Submariner – Indian Navy (Retd.)
Doon Defence Academy
Seaking Maritime Academy
Mob : 09897030757
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