DDA HEAD OFFICE
ACADEMY , 29 SUBHASH ROAD, BEHIND LORD VENKATESHWAR
WEDDING POINT, DEHRADUN, Ph. : 0135-3255537 /
09897030757 / 07895616868 / 07895626868
DDA SSB GROUND
ACADEMY (SSB GROUND), Opp. Green View Apartment,
Near Touchwood School, Sahastradhara Road, Dehradun, Ph. : 8266061666 /
08979558001 / 07088281613
SSB Interview Coaching
Army/ Airforce / Navy / NDA/
CDS/ OTA/ AFSB/TGC/ACC/ WSES/AFCAT/ UES/ 10 +2 Tech/
10 + 2 B.Tech/ T.A/ Coast Guard & CPF
Doon Defence Academy
specializes in imparting training for SSB Interviews
for Army, Navy and Air force. Selection Boards of NDA, CDSE, OTA, SSC , NA, AFCAT, TES, UES, TGC,
Special Entry Scheme for Women, Army candidates: (SCO),
Navy Candidate: CW, SD, HET
Air force Candidate: FCP, GDOC,
SEC and NCC certificate candidates for all wings
Academy has achieved as enviable and unbeatable
record of success for imparting training for SSB
interviews. DDA is the premier the oldest and the
best academy for service selection board (SSB)
interviews for officer level entry into the armed
forces of India (Army, Navy and Air force). DDA
imparts training for the full tests conducted in the
days , service selection Board Test, including
interviews full outdoor and Psychological tests,
Group Discussions etc including screening tests. The
Academy has 11 years of experience in the field and
has unbeatable track record for success. DDA has the
biggest obstacle training ground in India.
Why Training is must For SSB Interviews
According to Mr. Sandeep
Gupta Submariner-Indian Navy (Retd), The founder/
Director of Doon Defence Academy experience, It is a
common misconception that SSB’s do not perfect
candidates who have undergone training, and many
candidates think that with booking and hear say
Knowledge, they can clear the SSB Interview without
any training. While this may be true for some gifted
students. It is still recommended that a candidate
undergo proper training himself for the upcoming SSB
Interview. Just like swimming riding a bicycle etc
cannot be mastered by reading the rules and
techniques in book, the same way training for SSB
Interview requires practical, and specialized
training by experts. Self training can only help in
acquiring theoretical knowledge, but that alone is
not sufficient. Without proper practical training
and application, desired results cannot be achieved.
Sandeep Sir Says
Learn From The Masters:
Having an unbeatable records for over 6800
selections, we can safely say that we are the
experts and leaders in the field of SSB Interview
training since 2005. The Unmatched faculty at DDA
consists of senior and experienced faculty members
Indentifying And Rectifying Weakness of the
Students: More than 85% of the candidate
who come to us suffer from lake of self confidence
problems. Which includes one kind of fear or
another like stage fright, public speaking, social
anxiety, physical Testing, complexes about
appearance etc. At DDA each candidates confronts his
fears head on and overcomes them completely over the
About of SSB: A candidate learns what is
expected of him from the moment he steps into the
ssb centre. The knowledge not only mentally prepares
the candidates but also highlights and prevents many
travail mistakes that a candidate may not have even
known he was making.
SSB Like Experience:- When a
candidate comes for training to DDA, he gets a
complete experience of SSB and learns how to work
with other candidates from all over the country.
This exposure to large group of aspirants from
different parts of the country can be very helpful
in preparing a candidates for the ssb. Many books in
the market can be quite misleading for ignorant
candidates. Moreover there are many tests in the SSB
which are conducted in groups and require a minimum
of 8-10 other participants for practice like group
task, indoor planning etc. Practical tests require
practical training for example, one can never
practice group discussions, gets over stage fright
or fear of public speaking without training in a
DDA offering “ Small batches ”
are misleading ignorant candidates.
Officer Like Qualities
No amount of training can help
a candidate who does not possess officer like
qualities, but at DDA we guide you how to think like
an officer and what is expected from an officer and
how to develop OLQs in yourself. We show you how to
polish and present your best qualities at the SSB.
If a candidates has failed previously in the SSB,
the failure can create doubts in his/her mind and
lead to lack of confidence which reflects in his
performance in next SSB attempt. It is important to
go back to the basics and relearn everything. Our
experience and expertise in the field of SSB
training since 2005 her helped candidates who have
been screened at the SSB.
Training At DDA
We at DDA trained a candidate
both physically and mentally for the 5 days grueling
testing at the SSB. Time managements and self
discipline are inculcated into the candidates. The
SSB is a through and unique screening and selection
system for candidates for the armed forced and it
involves many complex and uncommon tests which may
be baffling to a candidate without proper training.
Physical aspects of testing can also be challenging
for some, proper training is required with proper
infrastructure like open grounds, obstacle course
DDA has the biggest obstacle Ground in India
Guideline on Tackling SSB
a call latter (a sample is shown in the appendix in
this book), candidates successful in written test
rush to the nearest coaching centre to do a crash
course, or pick up any book available in the market
on SSB and then try to mug up ideas and views given
therein. First of all, this approach is hurried-
hence wrong, and secondly very few good/
comprehensive books/guides, written by experiences
SSB evaluators are available in the market,
especially by serving Military Officers, with SSB
experience. This may lead to failure or premature
fall- out as SSB assessors are experts in
discriminating between candidates who are genuine
and those who are superficial / fakes/ making it up.
There are no shortcuts to success: It is
rightly said that you have to start at the base of
the mountain to reach the tallest peak. Success in
SSB calls for the dedicated and systematic
preparation- so get up and put your heart and soul
into your goal – to achieve distinction. Actually,
this rule applies to all challenges of life. Your
Mental Attitude helps you achieve the aim or chosen
objective for which you need to plan for
meticulously thus discharging your duties
systematically, logically and with tact. Make your
own time table- some can study for long hours
together, some do it in short bursts. Some like me
study till late at night, some others like my wife
believe in starting the day early- so what suits
Nothing Is impossible: If you believe in
yourself, you can achieve what sound impossible.
Remember, the battle is in the mind, so don’t let
self doubts affect you- being positive and
optimistic is the secret to your will power and the
key to success. Arjuna’s indecisiveness was cleared
by Lord Krishna on the battlefield itself- what we
today know as the Gita was always within the human
being it only needed self- realization. So, be
persistent towards your desired goals and
relentlessly strive hard to achieve them. The goal –
post is ahead, all you need is to strike, you may
miss once, but not again like Arjuna, concentrate
only on your target and you will hit Bulls – Eye.
Long Distance Runner: The start is always
slow, but constant practice will help you reach the
cherished destination soon. Systematic and sustained
effort is always rewarded. For example, if you have
to win a 100 meter’s hurdle race, first practice on
clearing bigger hurdles, then practice on clearing
short sprints- finally combine the two, keeping your
objective more than what is required so the required
one looks easier. To substantiate the point, here, I
recall the magical words of the poet, HW Longfellow:
“The Heights of great men reached and kept, were
not attained by sudden flight. But they, while their
companions slept, were toiling upward in the night”.
Utilize your Person Constructively: Most
of us have a tendency of living in the past, basking
in glory of yesterday, and forgetting to take
mileage of the present. If you use the current time
and opportunity fruitfully, you can look forward to
significant returns in the years to follow. Remember
the world is with you, not against you!
Learn from your Mistakes: One who works
or tries, is normally bound to make mistakes. Take
then into your stride, as nature teaches us, that
through this path (Which may be difficult) is paved
the road to success. Doesn’t child fall a number of
times, before you get injured while learning to
cycle, before you perfect it. So, make excelling in
any venture/ task a habit, not worrying about
results. Put your heart into your ambitions and you
will definitely succeed.
Build Awareness: To start with, one must
firstly know about what is going on in the
environment. Selectors are not interested in knowing
the dates, numbers, and statistics etc that are
straight from books on general knowledge. What is
needed is awareness about what’s happening around
you – ie in the country/ its neighborhood. This
calls for reading newspaper regularly (Minimum two-
one National/ English Paper, other local/vernacular,
supplementing it with a good CA/ GK magazine).
Additionally, listen to one two good English news
channels (NDTV/ Times Now etc) to keep abreast of
the latest developments. In addition, start watching
popular TV shows like “We the People”, “The Big
Fight” , “Karan Thapar Quizzes, Interview with Arnab
Goswami etc where current topics are debated by
Knowledge Gained Never goes Waste: Gone
are the days, when English teaching and convent
education was a privilege, only for the coveted few.
Thanks to the Internet, the World Wide Web and
software and hardware technologies, nothing is
beyond the reach of growing millions, especially
India’s aspiring middle class. In Today’s developing
global world, there is plenty of opportunity and
abundance of knowledge and skills to be learnt and
absorbed, whatever be the chosen field. Hence,
candidates should strive to know the means- ends
will be automatically be achieved. Remember,
knowledge is like a store- house, to be recycled and
utilized wherever required it never goes waste. So
keep the store tidy and clean ie keep refreshing and
updating your knowledge (your notes) about which I’d
mentioned earlier in my preface,
Blaming Other/ Organisation- Look inside you First:
Its normal for unsuccessful candidates to blame the
system for their failures, thinking they were good,
but the SSB could not see their talent. My simple
answer to this problem is- talent cannot remain
hidden – for long. A 6 days test, with three
different evaluators, having no previous interaction
or relation with you, suddenly become the most
important people in your life- as they will decide
whether you will clear SSB or not- so an established
and time- tested system cannot be wrong (having been
in vogue for over 45 years now). Don’t blame the
system for rejection, but try and come up to the
desired level, for which you have to first
understand what the system wants, Simply stated, SSB
is not looking for geniuses or exceptionally
brilliant people, but simple, average leaders, who
can carry a team along and tackle any untoward
situation with logic and arrive at a workable
solution in the shortest possible time- with minimum
fuss. This, in short is the essence of SSB
procedure. So you can succeed, following the
adage – where there is a will , there is a way”
Start Speaking in English with Friends/ Family
Members: The medium of communication and
testing in SSBs in English and this British legacy
is not likely to go easily, as English and this
British legacy is not likely to go easily, as
English is the language of communication of officers
with the Bureaucracy/ Corporate/other entities.
Candidates from rural background or Hindi/
Vernacular Medium generally seem to hesitate and do
not express themselves adequately- thus failing in
initial screening itself. It is unfortunate but true
that English, is not spoken as the mother tongue in
97% of Indian households. Therefore it important to
develop English language and communication skills.
This is possible, through regular practice- speak
with friends/family members, who are conversant in
the language. If not, make use of modern aids like
interactive TV, websites, audio and video aids etc.
The most glaring example is the legendary cricketer,
Kapil Dev, who did not speak a word of English, When
he won the 1983 Cricket World Cup. Then, in 3 to 4
months, he was speaking fluent English, thanks to an
“English Speaking Course.” So the method of choosing
is yours, the end result required is to be
conversant and comfortable in the language. Reading
newspapers/ magazines/ books and listening to news
will also help build your vocabulary.
Build Knowledge of Service /Arm Aspiring to join:
Its Imperative that you know the basics about the
Arm that you wish to join. India has the world’s
third largest standing Army and is the largest
volunteer force in the world. Also, if you ‘ve opted
for Executive Branch in Indian Navy or Technical
Branch of IAF, find out details of the service,
various ranks/ technical terms, their roles, your
likely job profile etc. Its often seen that
candidates don’t know what they’ve applied for –a
sure case for rejection.
a Candidate Presents Himself: Remember,
“First impression is that Last Impression”. The way
you present yourself matters a lot to the assessors.
In the civil world, it may be normal to have a pony
tail/tattoo, but understand that same is not liked
in the armed forces. Though you are not expected to
take a zero cut, any abnormal dressing of
accessories is bound to draw everyone’s attention
towards you, which is not desirable. Hence, dress up
in a normal/ decent way. Gentlemen should shave and
ladies must keep their hair bundle and not left
loose. Service personnel are very particular about
rules, regulations and discipline. Hence, be
conscious of the Do’s and dont’s that you will be
briefed about (during the introduction stage by the
conducting officer) and make sure you adhere to them
meticulously. These are expected of any gentleman /
lady and hence are keenly observed by all assessors
during the tests and otherwise too.
Exercise Regularly and Keep Fit: Simple
exercises like jogging, sit ups, pull- ups and
push-ups etc will help to built strength and
stamina. This comes handy in the physical tasks,
especially GTO tests, But don’t over- exert
yourself, as any normal person can do them.
Testing Schedule & Selection Centre:
Unlike other organization, the selection process in
armed forces is very elaborate and is done over five
days. Three different assessors, namely the IO, GTO
and the Psychologist test each candidate from three
different perspectives and arrive at their
respective decision. Thereafter on the last day
(conference), they all sit together and discuss each
case to arrive at the final decisions.
Schedule of testing is as under-
Normally, candidates are to report by the afternoon
and are picked up from the railway station/ bus
stand. On reporting , they are given an opening
briefing by the duty GTO, which covers the testing
schedule, do’s and dont’s etc. That done, candidates
are to fill up Personal Information Questionnaire
(PIQ) form, which forms the basis of psychological
testing and interviews. The importance of this form
and how to go about filling this are covered in the
(Screening Test) - Candidates are put through a
screening test which comprises of intelligence tests
followed by PPDT. Based on performance in these
tests, some candidates are retained for stage 2
testing and others are allowed to return home the
same day. Hence, qualifying in this test is most
(Psychological Test ) - On day 2, candidates
screened in on day 1 are put through psychological
tests, which comprise of Word Association Test
(WAT) , Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) and
Situation Reaction Test (SRT). In addition, the
candidates are asked to describe themselves (Self
Description). On completion of these tests,
interview will start.
Day 3 (GTO
Test I)- - Candidates go through Group
Testing on day 3 and 4. Candidates are divided into
groups of 6 to 10 each, depending upon total
candidates screened in. On day 3, Group Discussion
(GD), Group Planning Exercise (GPE), Progressive
Group Task (PGT), Group Obstacle Race (GOR), Half
Group Task (HGT) and Lecturette are conducted. In
some cases even Individual Obstacles may be
conducted on day 3, depending upon weather/
engagement of the assessor. On completion of GTO
tests, interviews of the remaining candidates, ie
those who have finished their GTO test series
Day 4 (GTO
Test II) - On day 4, the remaining tasks of
Group Testing like Individual Obstacle, Command Task
and Final Group Task are conducted. On completion of
group testing, interview of remaining candidates
(Conference) -Last day/ conference day-wherein
each candidates is called in turn for a final look
and final decision is arrived at. Results are
announced by afternoon and candidate not recommended
are allowed to leave.
Day 6 to 9/10
Medical Tests-: Successful candidates are put
through medical in the nearest military hospital-
average it takes 4 to 5 days to complete. Failures
in medicals are allowed to appeal to the nearest
military hospital within 45 days of their test.
Details are given below.
Medical Exam Procedure: Recommended Candidates at
SSBs- After the SSB results, recommended
Candidates appear before the medical board for their
medical board. It takes 4 to 5 days for the
concerned Military Hospital to complete the process
and there after candidates are dispersed. NDA
candidates are examined both for Army and Navy,
unless otherwise instructed and endorsement of
fitness status is made accordingly. President
medical board will guide the candidates for Appeal
procedures. In case declared unfit, candidates may
seek advice of President Special Medical Board for
Procedure of Appeal Medical Board –The
appeal Medical Board is helped at one of the
Base Hospital, Delhi Cantt.
Command Hospital, Pune, Kolkata, Lucknow,
Jaipur, Chandimandir and Udhampur
Command Hospital, Air Force , Bangalore.
INHS, Ashvini, Mumbai.
Candidates will report for medical examination
within the stipulated period i.e., 42 days from the
date last examined by the Special Medical Board for
re-examination along with the receipted copy of the
MRO/TR as directed by the President Medical Board.
Endeavour will be to complete the Medical Board in
Review Medical Board (RMB) –Based on
merit of the case, a candidate declared unfit by the
Appeal Medical Board, may still challenge the
proceeding and may be granted review of medical
proceedings. Any candidate desiring for a review
should address the request to Recruiting Directorate
(Personnel & Coord), Army Headquarters, West Block
III, RK Puram, New Delhi, with a copy to the
President of Appeal Medical Board within one day of
holding of appeal Medical Board. Application for RMB
are routed through DG AFMS. The decision for grant
of RMB is with DG AFMS, and is not a matter of
right. RMBs are conducted at R &R Hospital Delhi
Cantt and AFMC, Pune.
Stay During Medical Examination – The
recommended candidates after the declaration of SSB
results will stay in the Selection Centres in the
lines earmarked for the recommended candidates for
their medical examination and will be allotted fresh
medical chest numbers for the purpose. Candidates
who go for Appeal Medical Board or have to get their
medical examination done at a later date, due to
some unavoidable reasons, will do so under their own
SSB selection Centres –Indian Army has
three selection centres across the country. These
are Selection Centre East at Allahabad, Selection
Centre at Bhopal and Selection Centre South at
Bangalore. In all, there are 10 Service Selection
Boards of Army organized as follows:
Centre East at Allahabad – Has five SSBs
Selection Centre at Bhopal – Has three SSBs
Centre South at Bangalore – Has two SSBs
Indian Navy has two SSBs, one each at Bhopal and
Bangalore and one naval Selection Board at
Coimbatore. Three more boards are under formation at
Visakhapatnam. Indian Air force has three boards
No 1 Air Force Selection Board at Dehradun
No 2 Air Force Selection Board at Mysore
No 1 Air Force Selection Board at Varansi
Desired Officer Like Qualities (OLQs)
An oft repeated question asked by most aspirants, in
fact everyone on the civil street it, “How the Armed
Forces selects its OFFICERS”. This was not an openly
known procedure till the early 90s. However, post
liberalization from which even the Forces could not
remain aloof, perhaps this last bastion too has
fallen, and something are now known. Yet, what
attributes are required, can only be told by someone
who has been through this tough selection process,
or by those who themselves select candidates since
every officer has to do through this grind, he’s
equally qualified to brief any aspirant, hence he
should be your first guide. The procedure is same
for all three Forces, less the IAF, which has an
additional test the PABT, (also applicable for
flying branches of IN and IA).
SSBs is every candidates desired goal, but then you
cannot get up one fine morning and say that you will
appear for the SSB to perform well, you have to
prepare meticulously, well in advance. Ideally SSBs
give 6 to 12 weeks notice to candidates, and this
much time is adequate to prepare well. You are lucky
to be competing in the world of Internet since in
our times, we did not even have any book or coaching
institute of SSB preparation, but then that’s an
advantage available to all. However, remember no
coaching or guide book can teach you to be
successful, unless “You do not have it in You”
, i.e., the will and desire to do well in life
and achieved something worthwhile.
Starting Early- Your preparation, thus,
starts the day you appear for the written exam as
this advance preparation puts you ahead of the race,
since most candidates wake up only after receiving
the call letter, which leaves only enough time to
brush up, if you are starting from scratch. Since
well begun is half done, get hold of a good book,
like you have in your hands right now and go through
each page meticulously, taking notes along the way,
identifying strong/ weak areas, where you need to
focus more, or where you can just glance through.
Focus Areas – In my opinion most
candidates have no clues about the GTO Series of
tests, plus they are also weak in CA/ GK and are
unable to express themselves, due to lack of
communication skills. Week after week, in my classes
at the institutions where I have taught, mostly
within service (sometimes in Civil Coaching
Academies/ open Forums, Schools and Colleges and
other Career Development Programmes), this question
has followed me how to prepare and succeed in SSB
Board/ Interviews. The answer is simple, first
understand the requirement, then strive to work hard
master it –either yourself, or with external help of
a Book/ Academy/ Coaching Institute.
Difference between Success and Failure–
Again this question has bothered most analyst,
especially since SSB results are never advertised,
hence there remains a doubt as to whether it’s a
fair or scientific system of selection/ rejection.
Let me set the record straight here. As stated
earlier, this is probably the most reasonable or
fair system in the country, even perhaps the world,
since no unworthy ever qualified or become an
officer through this process. In fact, at times,
forces preferred to go with shortages, than to
compromise on selection standards, and the result is
there for all to see. Today- after 10/12 years, we
have oversubscribed academies and a new OTA has come
up in Gaya, Bihar, recently, to meet the growing
demands of Officer Training. In fact, lately we have
many foreign countries waiting to get among the
approved list of countries whose officers are
trained in Indian Military/ Naval / Air force
Coming back to
the point, the difference in recommended and just
rejected candidates is miniscule. However, to make
the grade, you have qualify within the laid down
parameters, which is loosely qualified by some as
attaining a score of 40%, or 360, out of a possible
900, with each of the 4 major test accounting for
225 marks. What is important to understand here is
that, out of the three independent assessors, two
have to pass you individually, which means you
ideally score 90 each, then even if third assessor
has graded your score as 75 , there will be a chance
of making it as in the final conference all three
will be collectively evaluating, and a score of 105
or above here, will pull you through. This also
breaks one more myth, that its only “English
Speaking Convent Educated students” who clear
SSBs. Friends, there is no “Shakespearian English”
required in GTO or psychology Tests, but simple
conversational words/ sentences.
No Place for
Second Position in a War
great athlete Milkha Singh, who missed the bronze in
the 1960 Rome Olympics by 1/100th of a
second or our very own, Payoli Express, PT Usha,
who missed and Asian Games gold by a similar margin.
Were they crowned with the medals, just because they
were very close, or missed it by a whisker. No.
similarly, selection in Armed Forces is like going
to war, where there’s no place for second position,
whereas all the laurels and accolades go to the
winner. So don’t think of coming second, when the
difference is very less. Think, how a little more
effort, an extra push here, a little have there, can
put you top of the pedestal, where others will
worship you. And remember, in battle, or in life’s
adversities, troops (or people) only fallow the
winners. So be a success in SSBs, and you will be a
winner for life. Because, this never say die
attitude, will be there with you, even after
commissioning as an officer, since, there are many
battles ahead, small or big, in your journey as an
Armed Forces Officer.
paras have defined and elaborated on the required on
the required OLQs however, I can simply say that
OLQs cannot be taught- they are there within each
one of us only difference being some are prominent
and active, in others they are dormant and
suppressed. Comparing OLQs to leadership qualities
of some of the greats, to our mind comes the adage.
“Some are born Great,
some achieve Greatness, Some have Greatness thrust
this is context of the present and past achievers of
this country ranging from Swami Vevekanand to
Mahatama Gadhi, Jamshedji Tata to APJ Abdul Kalam
and Sachin Tendulkar to Col Rajyavardhan Rathore,
and the answer is starting at you. You have to
decide, under category of greats you fall success
will be there waiting for you.
Analysis of 15 OLQ Factors
Factor 1: Planning and Organizing
This factor includes four
qualities which are associated with the spiritual or
mental aspects- i.e., your genetic being.
Reasoning Ability (RA)- The ability of an
individual to understand a given situation and
to a solution induced by rational thought process.
In RA, SSB wants you to be receptive, have an
logical thinking and the capability to see root
cause of a problem, and then have the ability to
Effective Intelligence (EI)-
Intelligence is the ability of a person to evolve
solution to practical
problems. Please do confuse this basic intelligence,
which is measure using the intelligence tests
(Verbal and Non
Verbal). In evaluating your EI, SSB wants to see
your EI, SSB wants to see your ability to solve
daily problems of
life and how you cope with difficult situations in
Organizing Ability (OA)- A good organizer is one who is able
to use the available resources
systematically, thus producing effective results. In
OA, SSB is looking for ability to see how an
individual can use
material resources made available to you produce
Power of Expression (PoE)
– A good expression is the ability to convert your
thoughts and ideas into
comprehensible words and then put them across with
ease clarity. PoE includes both verbal and written
Factor 2: Social Adjustment:
factor includes three qualities which are associated
with the heart/ conscience of an individual. These
Social Adaptability (SA)- It is the ability of an individual to
adapt himself to the environment around
adjust well with persons and social group of a
diverse nature. SSB is interested in how you adapt
members of a group, interact with them, (and the
evaluator) and whether you have tact in your
Cooperation (Co)- It is your attitude to participate
willingly and harmoniously with members of a group,
way to achieve group social goals. What is important
is to be a team player and try and be selfless.
group aim/objectives are more important as compared
to individual ones, SSB is keen to see your team
Sense of Responsibility (SOR)- If you understand the values of
duty, social stands, and what is expected of you as
an individual, then give it your energy and
attention on own accord. SSB wants to know if you
understand your duty as a citizen/student/ native of
a country. Also if you have a right sense of
acceptable social standards and know what’s expected
of you (as an individual). Lastly, do you give your
best attention towards it, without anybody having to
remain you. For example, as student, you are
expected to do well in school/ college, but do not
have a valid reason for poor performance, its
interpreted as low SOR.
Factor 3: Social Effectiveness:
This is an important factor and has five qualities
an outcome of the dynamic interaction of the above
two factors, i.e., maxing of your head (mind) and
Initiative (Inv)- It is the ability to
originate an action. SSB wants to see if you take
the lead in the right direction
and are able to
sustain it till the very end.
Self Confidence (SC)- Confidence in one’s own abilities to meet
stressful and unfamiliar situations, results
good upbringing and independent thought and action.
Speed of Decision (SOD) : It is the ability to come to a
workable decision quickly. There are two parts,
namely, appropriateness of decision and speed in
arriving at it both equally important.
Ability to influence the Group (AIG)- The
way a person influences others in a group, to go for
the goals set by him/her. What is seen by SSB is, if
you can convince others to do as per your bidding
(willingly), what you want them to do, minus any
Liveliness (Liv) : It is the capacity of
a person to remain calm and cheerful atmosphere in
the group. What is
seen is, if you gets unduly worried or disturbed
when faced with difficult situations.
Factor 4: Dynamic:
This factor includes three qualities which are
associated the limbs or the coordination between the
mind and the body.
Determination(Det): It is the ability to
put in sustained efforts to achieved desired aims,
in spite of hurdles
and setbacks. The SSB wants to
see whether you are focused, able to concentrate on
the task and work thoroughly
towards achieving the
Courage (Cou): Courage stems from the ability to understand and
take purposive risks. Take risks only where
and that too after careful though. Some candidates
take hasty decisions which may put the life of
comrades in danger, which is not desirable.
So, what is important is “take sustainable risks as
Stamina (Sta): The ability to withstand continued stain-both
mental and physical. It also includes endurance for
pain, hardship and agony again both physical and
Why Doon Defence Academy
(a) Established in 2005 by Sandeep Gupta submariner
Indian navy (Retd.) DDA is the No. 1 and the Best
Academy for SSB
Interview/ Written Test over 11 years of experience.
(b) DDA has an unbeatable track record, with over
6800 selection in last 11 years.
DDA campus provides unmatched
infrastructure, pollution free, SSB like
(d) DDA has the biggest obstacle
ground in India
(e) Highly qualified and experienced faculty offer
practical and systematic approach towards SSB
Interview training covering
all aspects of the interview process.
DDA provides 12 days
training for SSB Interviews unlike other academies.
Special emphasis is laid on physical fitness with
proper grounds and facilities for sports.
DDA has biggest
obstacle ground in India.
DDA is very
strict about discipline. Students not following the
DDA honour code and discipline code, not completing
assigned, not following instruction or indulging in
any undesirable activities will be expelled and no
money will be refunded.
Students must not enter into any argument with any
of the Academy, Mess or Hostel staff.
(j) Being one of
the oldest Academy, of has had the remarkable
advantage of evolving and updating its teaching
and Infrastructure, matching the latest Developments
in SSB interview centre.
DDA is the only
institute which has latest outdoor tasks and
individual tasks laid out in our ground to give all
actual feel of the outdoor task.
DDA make sure
that all students should gets lots of practice of
the screening test, including verbal, Non- verbal
Psychological Tests are analyzed, explained
practiced and corrected repeatedly.
special emphasis is laid on English Fluency and
personality development of the candidates.
A large number
of extra curriculums…
How DDA Training Help
Provides opportunity to practice in neat and clean
real time environment.
DDA gives more
attention of conducting personal Interview by the
DDA has the best
and related obstacles which is really important for
It is very much
important that all students should do the real
practice in real time to overcome their misplaced
SSB Interview. DDA has all the real practice
As DDA has the
biggest obstacles ground in India, students can do
practice in the ground with real tasks and
We have best GTO.
SSB Interview Tips
PSYCHOLOGICAL TEST / INTERVIEW
PSYCHOLOGICAL TEST / INTERVIEW
GROUP TESTS / INTERVIEW
GROUP TESTS / INTERVIEW
GROUP TESTS / INTERVIEW
GROUP TESTS / INTERVIEW
GROUP TESTS / INTERVIEW
THEMATIC APPERCEPTION TEST (TAT)
WORD ASSOCIATION TEST (WAT
SITUATION REACTION TEST (SRT)
SELF DESCRIPTION (SD)
BASIC SERIES – GROUP TEST (GTO)
GROUP DISCUSSION (GD) – TWO
GROUP PLANNING EXERCISE (GPE)
PROGRESSIVE GROUP TASK (PGT)
GROUP OBSTACLE RACE (GOR)
HALF GROUP TASK (HGT)
FINAL GROUP TASK
After clearing the written exam, candidates are
called for an Interview conducted by various Service
Selection Boards (SSBs). Ideally, you must start
preparing for the SSB as soon as you make up your
mind to give the written exam. The
assessors are looking for OFFICER
LIKE QUALITIES (OLQs).
Stage – 1
Consists of two tests, Officer Intelligence
Rating (OIR) and Picture Perception Discussion Test
OIR – Consists of Verbal and Non Verbal Reasoning
PPDT – Consists
of writing of a story based on a Picture shown
followed by a discussion in a group of about
15 candidates with an aim of arriving at a common
CANDIDATES CLEARING THE SCREENING TEST
WILL GRADUATE TO STAGE II OF SSB INTERVIEW.
Stage – 2
Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)
CONDUCT:- This is the first and most important test conducted by the
psychologist. The candidates will be
shown Twelve (12) black and white pictures on the
Each picture will remain on the screen for 30
After that the screen will go blank for 4
minutes during which the candidate has to write
In this manner Eleven (11) stories are written.
The twelveth (12th) frame will be
blank. The candidate has to presume any picture
in his mind
during the 30 seconds and then write a story on
the assumed picture in the allotted 4 minutes.
What should the story have?
A central figure around whom the story revolves.
The central figure should be in positive frame
of mind, and preferably match the age and Sex of
the story should be written in past tense .
the hero should have a need/aim/problem that
needs to be met/resolved.
the hero should be able to achieve the above in
the final out come
Word Association Test (WAT)
Candidates are shown 60 simple words on the
screen, one after the other.
Each word is displayed on the screen for 15
The candidate has to respond to each word while
the word is displayed for 15 seconds.
The response has to be preferably a short
What is expected
Candidates should preferably express the thought
or idea that comes to his/her mind on seeing the
The sentence should preferably be of approx 6-8
Positive responses are preferred, displaying an
attitude of optimism, honesty, responsibility,
One should not display negative thoughts like
cowardice, anxiety, fear etc.
Do not have mundane and repetitive response and
avoid idioms and phrases.
Situation Reaction Test (SRT)
The candidates are given 60 situations which
they may encounter in real life at there age and
in their environment
as a young adult.
The candidates are to give written response to
these 60 situations in 30 minutes.
Therefore, the candidate gets approx 30 seconds
to respond each situation, but unlike TAT and
WAT the time
control lies with the candidate.
The candidate has to read the situation,
understand the problem (s) and give a
comprehensive response in
approx 30 seconds each.
What should the candidate do
Read each situation carefully and understand the
problem (s) in totality.
Respond to the situation in a realistic manner.
The response should be positive and should not
show escapist attitude or negative and knee jerk
The candidates should respond in minimum
possible words or else they may overshoot time
in the initial
situations and may be left with very little time
for balance situations.
Candidates are advised not to skip answering
situations in between this show avoiding
The response should be easily understood by the
Take care of your handwriting and make it
Self Description (SD)
A candidate is required to write this in five
paragraphs consisting of :-
Opinion of Parents;
Opinion of Teachers / Employers;
Opinion of Friends / Colleagues,
your opinion about yourself and
finally the qualities that you would like to develop
GROUP TESTING OFFICER SERIES (GTO)
Group Discussion (GD)
The GTO gives group discussion (GD) topics of
general nature, keeping in mind the age and
exposure level of the candidates. Two group
discussions are held.
During first GD two topics are given by the GTO
and candidates are required to choose the topic
they would like to discuss. For that purpose one
minute of discussion time is allowed. The chosen
topic is discussed for 20 minutes.
The second GD topic is decided by the GTO
himself and the group has to again discuss it
for 15-20 minutes.
The candidate should have self confidence.
Candidates should be able to express himself
fluently and rationally.
Candidates must have sufficient knowledge of the
topic being discussed.
Candidates should not be rigid in his ideas.
The candidates should be adaptable and should be
able to react rationally under stress.
The candidates should be logical in his
The candidates needs to be cheerful and not look
Group Planning Exercise (GPE)
The GTO makes the candidate familiar with the
map of the planning exercise.
After that the GTO will read out a narrative
presenting the situations/problems the
candidates have to collectively resolve.
The same narrative is handed over to each
candidate for 5 minutes for him/her to
comprehend the overall situation.
Thereafter, 10 minutes are given to the
candidates to make their plans individually
(without any consultation) and also write it
Plans made by each candidate are handed over to
The group is to now discuss and make one final
plan agreeable to all.
One of the candidate now represent the group and
narrates the final plan, so decided, to the GTO.
What is expected
Has the candidate been able to grasp the
Having grasped the situation, can the candidate
deal with them in rational and logical manner.
Is the candidate able to understand the nature
and gravity of each problems in some order of
Can the candidate identify the given and
available resources and put them to effective
Is the candidate able to understand and manage
the time required to deal with each
Is the candidate able to provide a workable
Is the candidate able to convince others on the
common workable plan.
tasks comprise PGT, GOR, HGT, IO, CT & FGT.
The GTO tests the behavior of a candidate in a
group where there is no Group Leader nominated.
GTO observes the candidates for qualities like
and task orientation.
The tasks cannot be negotiated by an individual
and need a group to cross it.
The tasks are time bound and governed by some
Helping material like wooden plank, pole and
rope are given.
Progressive Group Tasks (PGT)
In this task there are a total of four tasks
arranged one after the other with the degree of
difficulty increasing successively.
The task is explained to the candidates by the
GTO and the rules to be followed are also told
To do the task the group is provided with some
helping material which are generally
one wooden plank (phatta)
one wooden pole (balli)
and a rope.
One load is also given which is not heavy but
needs to be carried with care.
The group has to start from the start line and
reach the finish line of each task as a group
touching the ground in between.
There are a number of wooden structures spread
between the start and finish line.Their
spread laterally and in depth in echelons. The
candidates are to use these structures with the
helping materials and cross over to the finish
line to complete the task.
What is expected
Ability of the candidate to comprehend the
problem and make best use of the helping
complete the tasks stage by stage.
Is the candidate helpful and cooperative.
Is he contributing towards the common group
Ability to communicate in fluid environment.
Does the candidate have adequate mental and
physical stamina to handle stress.
Ability of the candidate to emerge as a leader
of a leaderless group.
Group Obstacle Race (GOR)
Four groups are pitted against each other to
There are six obstacles to be crossed by each
Each group has to carry a rolled up tent,
commonly called snake.
The snake has to be carried over each obstacle
along with the group.
There are certain rules that the group has to
observe, which the senior GTO explains.
What is expected
Physical and mental stamina.
Initiative to take on the obstacles.
Coolness of mind in a physically competitive
Ability to shoulder addition responsibility and
carry the group along.
Desire to achieve success by motivating the
other members of the group
Half Group Task (HGT
The group is divided into two equal halfs and
allotted only one task which is similar to the
difficulty level of stage
three of PGT.
Both the sub groups are allotted similar tasks
one after the other.
The balance conduct is similar to PGT
BEST OBSTACLES TRAINING IN INDIA