DOON DEFENCE ACADEMY , 29 SUBHASH ROAD, BEHIND LORD VENKATESHWAR WEDDING POINT, DEHRADUN, Ph. : 0135-3255537 / 09897030757 / 07895616868 / 07895626868


DOON DEFENCE ACADEMY (SSB GROUND), Opp. Green View Apartment, Near Touchwood School, Sahastradhara Road, Dehradun, Ph. : 8266061666 / 08979558001 / 07088281613


SSB Interview Coaching

Army/ Airforce / Navy / NDA/ CDS/ OTA/ AFSB/TGC/ACC/ WSES/AFCAT/ UES/ 10 +2 Tech/ 10 + 2 B.Tech/ T.A/ Coast Guard & CPF

Our Mission

Doon Defence Academy specializes in imparting training for SSB Interviews for Army, Navy and Air force. Selection Boards of NDA, CDSE, OTA, SSC , NA, AFCAT, TES, UES, TGC, Special Entry Scheme for Women, Army candidates:  (SCO), PC (SL). 

Navy Candidate: CW, SD, HET

Air force Candidate: FCP, GDOC, SEC and NCC certificate candidates for all wings

Our Vision

              Doon Defence Academy has achieved as enviable and unbeatable record of success for imparting training for SSB interviews. DDA is the premier the oldest and the best academy for service selection board (SSB) interviews for officer level entry into the armed forces of India (Army, Navy and Air force). DDA imparts training for the full tests conducted in the days , service selection Board Test, including interviews full outdoor and Psychological tests, Group Discussions etc including screening tests. The Academy has 11 years of experience in the field and has unbeatable track record for success. DDA has the biggest obstacle training ground in India.  


Why Training is must For SSB Interviews

   According to Mr. Sandeep Gupta Submariner-Indian Navy (Retd), The founder/ Director of Doon Defence Academy experience, It is a common misconception that SSB’s do not perfect candidates who have undergone training, and many candidates think that with booking and hear say Knowledge, they can clear the SSB Interview without any training. While this may be true for some gifted students. It is still recommended  that  a candidate undergo proper training himself for the upcoming SSB Interview. Just like swimming riding a bicycle etc cannot be mastered by reading the rules and techniques in book, the same way training for SSB Interview requires practical, and specialized training by experts. Self training can only help in acquiring theoretical knowledge, but that alone is not sufficient. Without proper practical training and application, desired results cannot be achieved.

Sandeep Sir Says

Learn From The Masters:  Having  an unbeatable records for over 6800 selections, we can safely say that we are the experts and leaders in the field of SSB Interview training since 2005. The Unmatched faculty at DDA consists of senior and experienced faculty members

Indentifying And Rectifying Weakness of the Students: More than 85% of the candidate who come to us suffer from lake of self confidence problems. Which includes one kind of fear  or another like stage fright, public speaking, social anxiety, physical Testing, complexes about appearance etc. At DDA each candidates confronts his fears head on and overcomes them completely over the training schedule.

All About of SSB: A candidate learns what is expected of him from the moment he steps into the ssb centre. The knowledge not only mentally prepares the candidates but also highlights and prevents many travail mistakes that a candidate may not have even known he was making.

SSB Like Experience:- When a candidate comes for training to DDA, he gets a complete experience of SSB and learns  how to work with other candidates from all over the country. This exposure  to large group of aspirants from different parts of the country can be very helpful in preparing a candidates for the ssb. Many books in the market can be quite misleading for ignorant candidates. Moreover there are many tests in the SSB which are conducted in groups and require a minimum of 8-10  other participants for practice like group task, indoor planning etc. Practical tests require practical training for example, one can never practice group discussions, gets over stage fright or fear of public speaking without training in a group.

DDA offering “ Small batches ” are misleading ignorant  candidates.

Officer Like Qualities

No amount of training can help a candidate who does not possess officer like qualities, but at DDA we guide you how to think like an officer and what is expected from an officer and how to develop OLQs in yourself. We show you how to polish and present your best qualities at the SSB. If a candidates has failed previously in the SSB, the failure can create doubts in his/her mind and lead to lack of confidence which reflects in his performance in next SSB attempt. It is important to go back to the basics and relearn everything. Our experience and expertise in the field of SSB training since 2005 her helped candidates who have been screened at the SSB.

Training At DDA

We at DDA trained a candidate both physically and mentally for the 5 days grueling testing at the SSB. Time managements and self discipline are inculcated into the candidates. The SSB is a through and unique screening and selection system for candidates for the armed forced and it involves many complex and uncommon tests which may be baffling to a candidate without proper training. Physical aspects of testing can also be challenging for some, proper training is required with proper infrastructure like open grounds, obstacle course for practice.

DDA has the biggest obstacle Ground in India

General Guideline on Tackling SSB

Upon receiving a call latter (a sample is shown in the appendix in this book), candidates successful in written test rush to the nearest coaching centre to do a crash course, or pick up any  book available in the market on SSB and then try to mug up ideas and views given therein. First of all, this approach is hurried- hence wrong, and secondly very few good/ comprehensive books/guides, written by experiences SSB evaluators are available in the market, especially by serving Military Officers, with SSB experience. This may lead to failure or premature fall- out as SSB assessors are experts in discriminating between candidates who are genuine  and those who are superficial / fakes/ making it up.

·         There are no shortcuts to success: It is rightly said that you have to start at the base of the mountain to reach the tallest peak. Success in SSB calls for the dedicated and systematic preparation- so get up and put your heart and soul into your goal – to achieve distinction. Actually, this rule applies to all challenges of life. Your Mental Attitude helps you achieve the aim or chosen objective for which you need to plan for meticulously thus discharging your duties systematically, logically and with tact. Make your own time table- some can study for long hours together, some do it in short bursts. Some like me study till late at night, some others like my wife believe in starting the day early- so what suits your style.

·         Nothing Is impossible:  If you believe in yourself, you can achieve what sound impossible. Remember, the battle is in the mind, so don’t let self doubts affect you- being positive and optimistic is the secret to your will power and the key to success. Arjuna’s indecisiveness was cleared by Lord Krishna on the battlefield itself- what we today know as the Gita was always within the human being it only needed self- realization. So, be persistent towards your desired goals and relentlessly strive hard to achieve them. The goal – post is ahead, all you need is to strike, you may miss once, but not again like Arjuna, concentrate only on your target and you will hit Bulls – Eye.

·         Be a Long Distance Runner: The start is always slow, but constant practice will help you reach the cherished destination soon. Systematic and sustained effort is always rewarded. For example, if you have to win a 100 meter’s hurdle race, first practice on clearing bigger hurdles, then practice on clearing short sprints- finally combine the two, keeping your objective more than what is required so the required one looks easier. To substantiate the point, here, I recall the magical words of the poet, HW Longfellow:

“The Heights of great men reached and kept, were not attained by sudden flight. But they, while their companions slept, were toiling upward in the night”.

·        Utilize your Person Constructively: Most of us have a tendency of living in the past, basking in glory of yesterday, and forgetting to take mileage of the present. If you use the current time and opportunity fruitfully, you can look forward to significant returns in the years to follow. Remember the world is with you, not against you!

·        Learn from your Mistakes: One who works or tries, is normally bound to make mistakes. Take then into your stride, as nature teaches us, that through this path (Which may be difficult)  is paved the road to success. Doesn’t child fall a number of times, before you get injured while learning to cycle, before you perfect it. So, make excelling in any venture/ task a habit, not worrying about results. Put your heart into your ambitions and you will definitely succeed.

·        Build Awareness: To start with, one must firstly know about what is going on in the environment. Selectors are not interested in knowing the dates, numbers, and statistics etc that are straight from books on general knowledge. What is needed is awareness about what’s happening around you – ie in the country/ its neighborhood. This calls for reading newspaper regularly (Minimum two- one National/ English Paper, other local/vernacular, supplementing it with a good CA/ GK magazine). Additionally, listen to one two good English news channels (NDTV/ Times Now etc) to keep abreast of the latest developments. In addition, start watching popular TV shows like “We the People”, “The Big Fight” , “Karan Thapar Quizzes, Interview with Arnab Goswami etc where current topics are debated by eminent personalities.

·        Knowledge Gained Never goes Waste: Gone are the days, when English teaching and convent education was a privilege, only for the coveted few. Thanks to the Internet, the World Wide Web and software and hardware technologies, nothing is beyond the reach of growing millions, especially India’s aspiring middle class. In Today’s developing global world, there is plenty of opportunity and abundance of knowledge and skills to be learnt and absorbed, whatever be the chosen field. Hence, candidates should strive to know the means- ends will be automatically be achieved. Remember, knowledge is like a store- house, to be recycled and utilized wherever required it never goes waste. So keep the store tidy and clean ie keep refreshing and updating your knowledge (your notes) about which I’d mentioned earlier in my preface,

·        Stop Blaming Other/ Organisation- Look inside you First: Its normal for unsuccessful candidates to blame the system for their failures, thinking they were good, but the SSB could not see their talent. My simple answer to this problem is- talent cannot remain hidden – for long. A 6 days test, with three different evaluators, having no previous interaction or relation with you, suddenly become the most important people in your life- as they will decide whether you will clear SSB or not- so an established and time- tested system cannot be wrong (having been in vogue for over 45 years now). Don’t blame the system for rejection, but try and come up to the desired level, for which you have to first understand what the system wants, Simply stated, SSB is not looking for geniuses or exceptionally brilliant people, but simple, average leaders, who can carry a team along and tackle any untoward situation with logic and arrive at a workable solution in the shortest possible time- with minimum fuss. This, in short is the essence of SSB procedure. So you can succeed, following the adage – where there is a will , there is a way”

·        Start Speaking in English with Friends/ Family Members: The medium of communication and testing in SSBs in English and this British legacy is not likely to go easily, as English and this British legacy is not likely to go easily, as English is the language of communication of officers with the Bureaucracy/ Corporate/other entities. Candidates from rural background or Hindi/ Vernacular Medium generally seem to hesitate and do not express themselves adequately- thus failing in initial screening itself. It is unfortunate but true that English, is not spoken as the mother tongue in 97% of Indian households. Therefore it important to develop English language and communication skills. This is possible, through regular practice- speak with friends/family members, who are conversant in the language. If not, make use of modern aids like interactive TV, websites, audio and video aids etc. The most glaring example is the legendary cricketer, Kapil Dev, who did not speak a word of English, When he won the 1983 Cricket World Cup. Then, in 3 to 4 months, he was speaking fluent English, thanks to an “English Speaking Course.” So the method of choosing is yours, the end result required is to be conversant and comfortable in the language. Reading newspapers/ magazines/ books and listening to news will also help build your vocabulary.

·        Build Knowledge of Service /Arm Aspiring to join: Its Imperative that you know the basics about the Arm that you wish to join. India has the world’s third largest standing Army and is the largest volunteer force in the world. Also, if you ‘ve opted for Executive Branch in Indian Navy or Technical Branch of IAF, find out details of the service, various ranks/ technical terms, their roles, your likely job profile etc. Its often seen that candidates don’t know what they’ve applied for –a sure case for rejection.

·        How a Candidate Presents Himself:  Remember, “First impression is that Last Impression”. The way you present yourself matters a lot to the assessors. In the civil world, it may be normal to have a pony tail/tattoo, but understand that same is not liked in the armed forces.  Though you are not expected to take a zero cut, any abnormal dressing of accessories is bound to draw everyone’s attention towards you, which is not desirable. Hence, dress up in a normal/ decent way.  Gentlemen should shave and ladies must keep their hair bundle and not left loose. Service personnel are very particular about rules, regulations and discipline.  Hence, be conscious of the Do’s and dont’s that you will be briefed about (during the introduction stage by the conducting officer) and make sure you adhere to them meticulously. These are expected of any gentleman / lady and hence are keenly observed by all assessors during the tests and otherwise too.       

·        Exercise Regularly and Keep Fit:  Simple exercises like jogging, sit ups, pull- ups and push-ups etc will help to built strength and stamina. This comes handy in the physical tasks, especially GTO tests, But don’t over- exert yourself, as any normal person can do them.

·        Testing Schedule & Selection Centre:  Unlike other organization, the selection process in armed forces is very elaborate and is done over five days. Three different assessors, namely the IO, GTO and the Psychologist test each candidate from three different perspectives and arrive at their respective decision. Thereafter on the last day (conference), they all sit together and discuss each case to arrive at the final decisions.

The Schedule of testing is as under-

Reporting Day- Normally, candidates are to report by the afternoon and are  picked up from the railway station/ bus stand. On reporting , they  are given an opening briefing by the duty GTO, which covers the testing schedule, do’s and dont’s etc. That done, candidates are to fill up Personal Information Questionnaire (PIQ) form, which forms the basis of psychological testing and interviews. The importance of this form and how to go about filling this are covered in the Interview chapter.

Day 1 (Screening Test) -  Candidates are put through a screening test which comprises of intelligence tests followed by PPDT. Based on performance in these tests, some  candidates are retained for stage 2 testing and others are allowed to return home the same day. Hence, qualifying in this test is most important.

Day 2 (Psychological Test ) -   On day 2, candidates screened in on day 1 are put through psychological tests, which comprise of Word Association  Test (WAT) , Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) and Situation Reaction Test (SRT). In addition, the candidates are asked to describe themselves (Self Description). On completion of these tests, interview will start.

Day 3  (GTO Test I)- -  Candidates go through Group Testing on day 3 and 4. Candidates are divided into groups of 6 to 10 each, depending upon total candidates screened in. On day 3, Group Discussion (GD), Group Planning Exercise (GPE), Progressive Group Task (PGT), Group Obstacle Race (GOR), Half Group Task (HGT) and Lecturette are conducted. In some cases even Individual Obstacles may be conducted on day 3, depending upon weather/ engagement of the assessor. On completion of GTO tests, interviews of the remaining candidates, ie those who have finished their GTO test series commence.

Day 4 (GTO Test II) -  On day 4, the remaining tasks of Group Testing like Individual Obstacle, Command Task and Final Group Task are conducted. On completion of group testing, interview of remaining  candidates are completed.

Day 5 (Conference) -Last day/ conference day-wherein each candidates is called in turn for a final look and final decision is arrived at. Results are announced by afternoon and candidate not recommended are allowed to leave.

Day 6 to 9/10 Medical Tests-: Successful candidates are put through medical in the nearest military hospital- average it takes 4 to 5 days to complete. Failures in medicals are allowed to appeal to the nearest military hospital within 45 days of their test. Details are given below.

Medical Exam Procedure: Recommended Candidates at SSBs- After the SSB results, recommended Candidates appear before the medical board for their medical  board. It takes 4 to 5 days for the concerned Military Hospital to complete the process and there after candidates are dispersed. NDA candidates are examined both for Army and Navy, unless otherwise instructed and endorsement of fitness status is made accordingly. President medical board will guide the candidates for Appeal procedures. In case declared unfit, candidates may seek advice of President Special Medical Board for review/ appeal.

Procedure of Appeal Medical Board The appeal Medical Board is helped at one of the following hospitals-

          (a)    Base Hospital, Delhi Cantt.

          (b)   Command Hospital, Pune, Kolkata, Lucknow, Jaipur, Chandimandir and Udhampur

          (c)    Command Hospital, Air Force , Bangalore.

          (d)   INHS, Ashvini, Mumbai.

      Candidates will report for medical examination within the stipulated period i.e., 42 days from the date last examined by the Special Medical Board for re-examination along with the receipted copy of the MRO/TR as directed by the President Medical Board. Endeavour will be to complete the Medical Board in one day.

      Review Medical Board (RMB) Based on merit of the case, a candidate declared unfit by the Appeal Medical Board, may still challenge the proceeding and may be granted review of medical  proceedings. Any candidate desiring  for a review should address the request to Recruiting Directorate (Personnel & Coord), Army Headquarters, West Block III, RK Puram, New Delhi, with a copy to the President of Appeal Medical Board within one day of holding of appeal Medical Board. Application for RMB are routed through DG AFMS. The decision for grant of RMB is with DG AFMS, and is not a matter of right. RMBs are conducted at R &R Hospital Delhi Cantt and AFMC, Pune.

      Stay During Medical Examination The recommended candidates after the declaration of SSB results will stay in the Selection Centres in the lines earmarked for the recommended candidates for their medical examination and will be allotted fresh medical chest numbers for the purpose. Candidates who go for Appeal Medical Board or have to get their medical examination done at a later date, due to some unavoidable reasons, will do so under their own arrangements.

      SSB selection Centres Indian Army has three selection centres across the country. These are Selection Centre East at Allahabad, Selection Centre at Bhopal and Selection Centre South at Bangalore. In all, there are 10 Service Selection Boards of Army organized as follows:

  •  Selection Centre East at Allahabad – Has five SSBs

  •  Selection Centre at Bhopal – Has three SSBs

  •  Selection Centre South at Bangalore – Has two SSBs

Indian Navy has two SSBs, one each at Bhopal and Bangalore and one naval Selection Board at Coimbatore. Three more boards are under formation at Visakhapatnam. Indian Air  force has three boards namely-

  • No 1 Air Force Selection Board at Dehradun

  • No 2 Air Force Selection Board at Mysore

  • No 1 Air Force Selection Board at Varansi

Desired Officer Like Qualities (OLQs)

 An oft repeated question asked by most aspirants, in fact everyone on the civil street it, “How the Armed Forces selects its OFFICERS”. This was not an openly known procedure till the early 90s. However, post liberalization from which even the Forces could not remain aloof, perhaps this last bastion too has fallen, and something are now known. Yet, what attributes are required, can only be told by someone who has been through this tough selection process, or by those  who themselves select candidates since every officer has to do through this grind, he’s equally qualified to brief any aspirant, hence he should be your first guide. The procedure is same for all three Forces, less the IAF, which has an additional test the PABT, (also applicable for flying branches of IN and IA).

Selection in SSBs is every candidates desired goal, but then you cannot get up one fine morning and say that you will appear for the SSB to perform well, you have to prepare meticulously, well in advance. Ideally SSBs give 6 to 12 weeks notice to candidates, and this much time is adequate to prepare well. You are lucky to be competing in the world of Internet since in our times, we did not even have any book or coaching institute of SSB preparation, but then that’s an advantage available to all. However, remember no coaching or guide book can teach you to be successful, unless “You do not have it in You” , i.e.,  the will and desire to do well in life and achieved something worthwhile.  

Starting Early- Your preparation, thus, starts the day you appear for the written exam as this advance preparation puts you ahead of the race, since most candidates wake up only after receiving the call letter, which leaves only enough time to brush up, if you are starting from scratch. Since well begun is half done, get hold of a good book, like you have in your hands right now and go through each page meticulously, taking notes along the way, identifying strong/ weak areas, where you need to focus more, or where you can just glance through.

Focus Areas In my opinion most candidates have no clues about the GTO Series of tests, plus they are also weak in CA/ GK and are unable to express themselves, due to lack of communication skills. Week after week, in my classes at the institutions where I have taught, mostly within service (sometimes in Civil Coaching Academies/ open Forums, Schools and Colleges and other Career Development Programmes), this question has followed me how to prepare and succeed in SSB Board/ Interviews. The answer is simple, first understand the requirement, then strive to work hard master it –either yourself, or with external help of a Book/ Academy/ Coaching Institute.

Difference between Success and Failure Again this question has bothered most analyst, especially since SSB results are never advertised, hence there remains a doubt as to whether it’s a fair or scientific system of selection/ rejection. Let me set the record straight here. As stated earlier, this is probably the most reasonable or fair system in the country, even perhaps the world, since no unworthy ever qualified or become an officer through this process. In fact, at times, forces preferred to go with shortages, than to compromise on selection standards, and the result is there for all to see. Today- after 10/12 years, we have oversubscribed academies and a new OTA has come up in Gaya, Bihar, recently, to meet the growing demands of Officer Training. In fact, lately we have many foreign countries waiting to get among the approved list of countries whose officers are trained in Indian Military/ Naval / Air force Academies.

SSB Qualifying Parameters

Coming back to the point, the difference in recommended and just rejected candidates is miniscule. However, to make the grade, you have qualify within the laid down parameters, which is loosely qualified by some as attaining a score of 40%, or 360, out of a possible 900, with each of the 4 major test accounting for 225 marks. What is important to understand here is that, out of the three independent assessors, two have to pass you individually, which means you ideally score 90 each, then even if third assessor has graded your score as 75 , there will be a chance of making it as in the final conference all three will be collectively evaluating, and a score of 105 or above here, will pull you through. This also breaks one more myth, that its only “English Speaking Convent Educated students” who clear SSBs. Friends, there is no “Shakespearian English” required in GTO or psychology Tests, but simple conversational words/ sentences.

No Place for Second Position in a War

Remember the great athlete Milkha Singh, who missed the bronze in the 1960 Rome Olympics by 1/100th of a second or  our very own, Payoli Express, PT Usha, who missed and Asian Games gold by a similar margin. Were they crowned with the medals, just because they were very close, or missed it by a whisker. No. similarly, selection in Armed Forces is like going to war, where there’s no place for second position, whereas all the laurels and accolades go to the winner. So don’t think of coming second, when the difference is very less. Think, how a little more effort, an extra push here, a little have there, can put you top of the pedestal, where others will worship you. And remember, in battle, or in life’s adversities, troops (or people) only fallow the winners. So be a success in SSBs, and you will be a winner for life. Because, this never say die attitude, will be there with you, even after commissioning as an officer, since, there are many battles ahead, small or big, in your journey as an Armed Forces Officer.


OLQs Simplified

The succeeding paras have defined and elaborated on the required on the required OLQs however, I can simply say that OLQs cannot be taught- they are there within each one of us only difference being some are prominent and active, in others they are dormant and suppressed. Comparing OLQs to leadership qualities of some of the greats, to our mind comes the adage.

Some are born Great, some achieve Greatness, Some have Greatness thrust upon them”  

Now analyze this is context of the present and past achievers of this country ranging from  Swami Vevekanand to Mahatama Gadhi, Jamshedji Tata to APJ Abdul Kalam and Sachin Tendulkar to Col Rajyavardhan Rathore, and the answer is starting at you. You have to decide, under category of greats you fall success will be there waiting for you.  


Analysis of 15 OLQ Factors

Factor 1: Planning and Organizing

This factor includes four qualities which are associated with the spiritual or mental aspects- i.e., your genetic being.

(i)     Reasoning Ability (RA)- The ability of an individual to understand a given situation and thereafter come

      to a solution induced by rational thought process. In RA, SSB wants you to be receptive, have an inquisitive mind, 

      logical thinking and the capability to see root cause of a problem, and then have the ability to solve it.


(ii)   Effective Intelligence (EI)-  Intelligence is the ability of a person to evolve solution to practical

      problems. Please do confuse this basic intelligence, which is measure using the intelligence tests (Verbal and Non

      Verbal). In evaluating your EI, SSB wants to see your EI, SSB wants to see your ability to solve daily problems of

       life and how you cope with difficult situations in daily life.

(iii)     Organizing Ability (OA)-   A good organizer is one who is able to use the available resources

        systematically, thus producing effective results. In OA, SSB is looking for ability to see how an individual can use

        material resources made available to you produce expected results.


     (iv)   Power of Expression (PoE) – A good expression is the ability to convert your thoughts and ideas into

                  comprehensible words and then put them across with ease clarity. PoE includes both verbal and written   



Factor 2: Social Adjustment:

This factor includes three qualities which are associated with the heart/ conscience of an individual. These are

(v)       Social Adaptability (SA)- It is the ability of an individual to adapt himself  to the environment around

          himself and adjust well with persons and social group of a diverse nature. SSB is interested in how you adapt to

          members of a group, interact with them, (and the evaluator) and whether you have tact in your behavior with



(vi)       Cooperation (Co)- It is your attitude to participate willingly and harmoniously with members of a group, a

           way to achieve group social goals. What is important is to be a team player and try and be selfless. Remember,

           group aim/objectives are more important as compared to individual ones, SSB is keen to see your team attitude, not

           individual quests.


(vii)     Sense of Responsibility (SOR)- If you understand the values of duty, social stands, and what is expected of you as an individual, then give it your energy and attention on own accord. SSB wants to know if you understand your duty as a citizen/student/ native of a country. Also if you have a right sense of acceptable social standards and know what’s expected of you (as an individual). Lastly, do you give your best attention towards it, without anybody having to remain you. For example, as student, you are expected to do well in school/ college, but do not have a valid reason for poor performance, its interpreted as low SOR.


Factor 3: Social Effectiveness:

This is an important factor and has five qualities an outcome of the dynamic interaction of the above two factors, i.e., maxing of your head (mind) and heart-

(viii)   Initiative (Inv)- It is the ability to originate an action. SSB wants to see if you take the lead in the right direction

        and are able to sustain it till the very end.


(ix)   Self Confidence (SC)- Confidence in one’s own abilities to meet stressful and unfamiliar situations, results

        from good upbringing and independent thought and action.


(x)   Speed of Decision (SOD) : It is the ability to come to a workable decision quickly. There are two parts,

       namely, appropriateness of decision and speed in arriving at it both equally important.

(xi)    Ability to influence the Group (AIG)- The way a person influences others in a group, to go for the goals set by him/her. What is seen by SSB is, if you can convince others to do as per your bidding (willingly), what you want them to do, minus any force/ prodding.

(xi)     Liveliness (Liv) : It is the capacity of a person to remain calm and cheerful atmosphere in the group. What is

        seen is, if you gets unduly worried or disturbed when faced with difficult situations.

Factor 4: Dynamic:

This factor includes three qualities which are associated the limbs or the coordination between the mind and the body.

(xii)    Determination(Det): It is the ability to put in sustained efforts to achieved  desired aims, in spite of hurdles

        and setbacks. The SSB wants to see whether you are focused, able to concentrate on the task and work thoroughly

        towards achieving the desired aims.


(xiii)  Courage (Cou): Courage stems from the ability to understand and take purposive risks. Take risks only where

         required and that too after careful though. Some candidates take hasty decisions which may put the life of juniors/

         comrades in danger, which is not desirable. So, what is important is  “take sustainable risks as required ”


(xiv)   Stamina (Sta): The ability to withstand continued stain-both mental and physical. It also includes endurance for

         pain, hardship and agony again both physical and mental.


Why Doon Defence Academy

       (a) Established in 2005 by Sandeep Gupta submariner Indian navy (Retd.) DDA is the No. 1 and the Best Academy for SSB 

            Interview/ Written Test over 11 years of experience.


       (b) DDA has an unbeatable track record, with over 6800 selection in last 11 years. 


·         (c) DDA campus provides unmatched infrastructure, pollution free, SSB like environment.

·         (d) DDA has the biggest obstacle ground in India

 (e) Highly qualified and experienced faculty offer practical and systematic approach towards SSB Interview training covering

     all aspects of the interview process.



·         (f)  DDA provides 12 days training for SSB Interviews unlike other academies.  

·       (g) Special emphasis is laid on physical fitness with proper grounds and facilities for sports.

·       (h) DDA has biggest obstacle ground in India.

·       (i) DDA is very strict about discipline. Students not following the DDA honour code and discipline code, not completing work

            assigned, not following instruction or indulging in any undesirable activities will be expelled and no money will be refunded.

            Students must not enter into any argument with any of the Academy, Mess or Hostel staff.


·       (j) Being one of the oldest Academy, of has had the remarkable advantage of evolving and updating its teaching Techniques

             and Infrastructure, matching the latest Developments in SSB interview centre.


·      (k) DDA is the only institute which has latest outdoor tasks and individual tasks laid out in our ground to give all candidates an

             actual feel of the outdoor task.

 (l) DDA make sure that all students should gets lots of practice of the screening test, including verbal, Non- verbal reasoning

      and PPDT.

·     (m) All Psychological Tests are analyzed, explained practiced and corrected repeatedly.

·      (n) DDA given special emphasis is laid on English Fluency and personality development of the candidates.

·      (o) A large number of extra curriculums…

How DDA Training Help

·         (i) Provides opportunity to practice in neat and clean real time environment.

·      (ii) DDA gives more attention of conducting personal Interview by the Interviewing officer.

·      (iii) DDA has the best and related obstacles which is really important for any student.

·      (iv) It is very much important that all students should do the real practice in real time to overcome their misplaced fears about

             SSB Interview. DDA has all the real practice facilities.


·      (v) As DDA has the biggest obstacles ground in India, students can do practice in the ground with real tasks and obstacles.

            We have best GTO.


SSB Interview Tips




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Day 5



Day 6



































After clearing the written exam, candidates are called for an Interview conducted by various Service Selection Boards (SSBs). Ideally, you must start preparing for the SSB as soon as you make up your mind to give the written exam. The assessors are looking for OFFICER LIKE QUALITIES (OLQs)


Stage – 1 

Consists of two tests, Officer Intelligence Rating (OIR) and Picture Perception Discussion Test (PPDT).

OIR – Consists of Verbal and Non Verbal Reasoning
 Consists of writing of a story based on a Picture shown followed by a discussion in a group of about 15 candidates with   an aim of arriving at a common story.


Stage – 2


Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)

CONDUCT:- This is the first and most important test conducted by the psychologist. The candidates will be
shown Twelve (12) black and white pictures on the screen.

  • Each picture will remain on the screen for 30 seconds.
  • After that the screen will go blank for 4 minutes during which the candidate has to write his story.
    In this manner Eleven (11) stories are written.
  • The twelveth (12th) frame will be blank. The candidate has to presume any picture in his mind 
    during the 30 seconds and then write a story on the assumed picture in the allotted 4 minutes.

What should the story have?

  1. A central figure around whom the story revolves.
  2. The central figure should be in positive frame of mind, and preferably match the age and Sex of the candidate.
  3. the story should be written in past tense  .
  4. the hero should have a need/aim/problem that needs to be met/resolved.
  5. the hero should be able to achieve the above in the final out come 

Word Association Test (WAT)


  • Candidates are shown 60 simple words on the screen, one after the other.
  • Each word is displayed on the screen for 15 seconds.
  • The candidate has to respond to each word while the word is displayed for 15 seconds.
  • The response has to be preferably a short sentence

          What is expected

  • Candidates should preferably express the thought or idea that comes to his/her mind on seeing the word.
  • The sentence should preferably be of approx 6-8 words.
  • Positive responses are preferred, displaying an attitude of optimism, honesty, responsibility, patriotism etc.
  • One should not display negative thoughts like cowardice, anxiety, fear etc.
  • Do not have mundane and repetitive response and avoid idioms and phrases.

Situation Reaction Test (SRT)


  • The candidates are given 60 situations which they may encounter in real life at there age and in their environment 
    as a young adult.
  • The candidates are to give written response to these 60 situations in 30 minutes.
  • Therefore, the candidate gets approx 30 seconds to respond each situation, but unlike TAT and WAT the time 
    control lies with the candidate.
  • The candidate has to read the situation, understand the problem (s) and give a comprehensive response in 
    approx 30 seconds each.


What should the candidate do

  • Read each situation carefully and understand the problem (s) in totality.
  • Respond to the situation in a realistic manner.
  • The response should be positive and should not show escapist attitude or negative and knee jerk reactions.
  • The candidates should respond in minimum possible words or else they may overshoot time in the initial 
    situations and may be left with very little time for balance situations.
  • Candidates are advised not to skip answering situations in between this show avoiding attitude.
  • The response should be easily understood by the psychologist.
  • Take care of your handwriting and make it legible. 

Self Description (SD)

    A candidate is required to write this in five paragraphs consisting of :- 

    Opinion of Parents; 

    Opinion of Teachers / Employers; 

    Opinion of Friends / Colleagues, 

    your opinion about yourself and finally the qualities that you would like to develop in yourself. 



Group Discussion (GD)


  • The GTO gives group discussion (GD) topics of general nature, keeping in mind the age and exposure level of the candidates. Two group discussions are held.
  • During first GD two topics are given by the GTO and candidates are required to choose the topic they would like to discuss. For that purpose one minute of discussion time is allowed. The chosen topic is discussed for 20 minutes.
  • The second GD topic is decided by the GTO himself and the group has to again discuss it for 15-20 minutes.

  • The candidate should have self confidence.
  • Candidates should be able to express himself  fluently and rationally.
  • Candidates must have sufficient knowledge of the topic being discussed.
  • Candidates should not be rigid in his ideas.
  • The candidates should be adaptable and should be able to react rationally under stress.
  • The candidates should be logical in his approach.  
  • The candidates needs to be cheerful and not look stressed up. 
Group Planning Exercise (GPE)


  • The GTO makes the candidate familiar with the map of the planning exercise.
  • After that the GTO will read out a narrative presenting the situations/problems the candidates have to collectively resolve.
  • The same narrative is handed over to each candidate for 5 minutes for him/her to comprehend the overall situation.
  • Thereafter, 10 minutes are given to the candidates to make their plans individually (without any consultation) and also write it down.
  • Plans made by each candidate are handed over to the GTO.
  • The group is to now discuss and make one final plan agreeable to all.
  • One of the candidate now represent the group and narrates the final plan, so decided, to the GTO.

What is expected

  • Has the candidate been able to grasp the situations/problems properly.
  • Having grasped  the situation, can the candidate deal with them in rational and logical manner.
  • Is the candidate able to understand the nature and gravity of each problems in some order of priority.
  • Can the candidate identify the given and available resources and put them to effective use.
  • Is the candidate able to understand and manage the time required to deal with each 
    situation/problem separately.
  • Is the candidate able to provide a workable solution.
  • Is the candidate able to convince others on the common workable plan. 

Outdoor Tasks

      Outdoor tasks comprise PGT, GOR, HGT, IO, CT & FGT.

  • The GTO tests the behavior of a candidate in a group where there is no Group Leader nominated.
  • GTO observes the candidates for qualities like :-
    group affinity, 
    natural leadership, 
    and task orientation.
  • The tasks cannot be negotiated by an individual and need a group to cross it.
  • The tasks are time bound and governed by some rules.
  • Helping material like wooden plank, pole and rope are given. 

Progressive Group Tasks (PGT)


  • In this task there are a total of four tasks arranged one after the other with the degree of difficulty increasing successively.
  • The task is explained to the candidates by the GTO and the rules to be followed are also told and explained.
  • To do the task the group is provided with some helping material which are generally 
    one wooden plank (phatta)
    one wooden pole (balli) 
    and a rope. 
    One load is also given which is not heavy but needs to be carried with care.
  • The group has to start from the start line and reach the finish line of each task as a group without
    touching the ground in between.
  • There are a number of wooden structures spread between the start and finish line.Their placement is
    spread laterally and in depth in echelons. The candidates are to use these structures with the help of
    helping materials and cross over to the finish line to complete the task.

What is expected
  • Ability of the candidate to comprehend the problem and make best use of the helping material to 
    complete the tasks stage by stage.
  • Is the candidate helpful and cooperative.
  • Is he contributing towards the common group goal.
  • Ability to communicate in fluid environment.
  • Does the candidate have adequate mental and physical stamina to handle stress.
  • Ability of the candidate to emerge as a leader of a leaderless group

 Group Obstacle Race (GOR)


  • Four groups are pitted against each other to compete.
  • There are six obstacles to be crossed by each group.
  • Each group has to carry a rolled up tent, commonly called snake.
  • The snake has to be carried over each obstacle along with the group.
  • There are certain rules that the group has to observe, which the senior GTO explains.

What is expected

  • Physical and mental stamina.
  • Group cohesiveness.
  • Initiative to take on the obstacles.
  • Coolness of mind in a physically competitive environment.
  • Ability to shoulder addition responsibility and carry the group along.
  • Desire to achieve success by motivating the other members of the group

Half Group Task (HGT


  • The group is divided into two equal halfs and allotted only one task which is similar to the difficulty level of stage 
    three of PGT.
  • Both the sub groups are allotted similar tasks one after the other.
  • The balance conduct is similar to PGT